An Investigation and Presentation of a Model for Factors Influencing the Agility of Human Resources a Case Study of Yazd Electricity Distribution Company to Springer Proceedings

  • Hamed Alvansaz
  • Maryam Hakakian
  • Mohammadfarid Alvansazyazdi
  • Nelson Esteban Salgado ReyesEmail author
  • Alejandro Miguel Camino Solórzano
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 918)


Agility resembles the idea of speed and change through business environment. Agility focus on responding to dynamic and turbulent markets and customer’s demands. It is while the implications of agile competition dependent upon competitive contexts which are particularly active within an organization. The present study is an attempt to find out which factors are more influential on attaining agility with regard to human resources. The sample for this study includes the staff working in Yazd Electricity Distribution Company. Random sampling method was used in this study and the data were gathered through the use of a questionnaire (after examining its reliability and validity as an instrument of data collection). Furthermore, in order to investigate this issue, the fuzzy approach was used as one of the beneficial instruments for measuring those problems with vague indices. Structural Equation Modeling was also applied to experiment research hypotheses. The results of this study show that in order to face such changes, agility based on human resources’ knowledge, human resources’ skills, the existence of cooperative culture in the organization, and access to information is necessary. Besides, regarding the importance of agility of human resources for organizations, it is suggested to investigate other influential factors on agility in future research to contribute to the further development of the model presented within this research.


Human resources agility Fuzzy approach Human resources knowledge Cooperation culture Staff’s access to information 



This research was supported by Facultad de Arquitectura, Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí, Ecuador, and Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador.


  1. Sukatia, I., Hamida, A.B., Baharuna, R., Yusoff, R.M., Anuar, M.A.: The effect of organizational practices on supply chain agility: an empirical investigation on Malaysia manufacturing industry. Soc. Behav. Sci. 40, 274–281 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Jain, V., Benyoucef, L., Deshmukh, S.G.: A new approach for evaluating agility in supply chains using fuzzy association rules mining. Eng. Appl. Artif. Intell. 21, 367–385 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Madelline, C., Youssef, M.: The human side of organizational agility. Ind. Manag. Data Syst. 103(6), 387–397 (2003)Google Scholar
  4. Goldman, S., Nagel, R., Preiss, K.: Agile Competitors and Virtual Organizations. Van Nosteand Reinhold, New York (1995a)Google Scholar
  5. Cotter, J.: The 20% Solution: Using Rapid Redesign to Create Tomorrow’s Organization Today. Wiley, New York (1995)Google Scholar
  6. Khalil, T.: Management of Technology: The Key to Prosperity & Wealth Creation. McGraw-Hill, New York (2000)Google Scholar
  7. Breu, K., Hemingway, C.J., Strathern, M., Bridger, D.: Workforce agility: the new employee strategy for the knowledge economy. J. Inf. Technol. 17(1), 21–31 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. King, W.R.: Knowledge management and organization learning. Omega 36(2), 167–172 (2008). http://www.sciencedirect.comCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Graham, K.: The Impact of Knowledge Management Technologies on Learning Within Organizations: An Empirical Analysis. The Florida State University College of Business (2003)Google Scholar
  10. Sumukadas, N., Sawhney, R.: Workforce agility through employee involvement. IIE Trans. 36(10), 919–940 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Iravani, S.M.R., Krishnamurthy, V.: Workforce agility in repaire and maintenance environments. Manuf. Serv. Oper. Manag. 9(2), 168–184 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Shahaee, B.: The human dimension of organizational agility. Tadbir J. 17(175), 21–24 (2006)Google Scholar
  13. KhoshSima, G., Jafar-Nejad, A., Mohaghar, A.: Agile manufacturing system, frameworks and nablers. In: Second National Conference on Industrial Engineering, pp. 163–169 (2007)Google Scholar
  14. Olfat, L., Ranjirchi, M.: A model for organizational agility in Iran’s electronic industry. J. Iran. Manag. Sci. 13, 47–74 (2009)Google Scholar
  15. Olfat, L., Ranjirchi, M.: Data envelopment analysis: a new approach to measure the agility of organizations. Manag. Res. Iran (Modares Hum. Sci.) 14(2), (66) 21–44 (2010)Google Scholar
  16. Hamidi, N., Hasanpoor, A., Kiaee, M., Mosavi, S.M.: The role of human resources management in organizational agility. J. Ind. Manag. (8), 111–127 (2010)Google Scholar
  17. Ziaee, M., Hasngholipur, T., Abaspur, A., Yarahmadzehi, M.: In the Tehran University Accounting and Auditing review (2013)Google Scholar
  18. Molahosseini, A., Mostafavi, S.: Evaluation of organizational agility using fuzzy technique. Tadbir. Monthly Mag. 186(8), 3–5 (2008)Google Scholar
  19. Khosravi, A., Abtahi, S.H., Ahmadi, R., Salimi, H.: Factors enabling agility manpower Delphi electronics industries. Q. Improve Manag. 6(4, 18), 129–153 (2012)Google Scholar
  20. VanHoek, R.I., Harrison, A., Christopher, M.: Measuring agile capabilities in the supply chain. Int. J. Oper. Prod. Manag. 21(1/2), 126–147 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Goldman, S., Nagel, R., Preiss, K.: Agile Competitors and Virtual Organizations. Van Nosteand Reinhold, New York (1995b)Google Scholar
  22. Overholt, M.H.: Building Felixible Organizations. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque (1996)Google Scholar
  23. Bridges, W.: Job Shift. Addison-Wesley, Reading (1994)Google Scholar
  24. Ching-Torng, L., Hero, C., Yi-Hong, T.: Agility evaluation using fuzzy Logic. Int. J. Prod. Econ. 101(2006), 353–368 (2006)Google Scholar
  25. Kid, P.T.: Un paradigma del siglo XXI en la fabricación ágil: forjar nuevas fronteras. Addison Wesley, Wokingham (1996)Google Scholar
  26. Fathian. M., Seyedhosseini, S.M., Ali Ahmadi, A., Fekri, R.: Agile new product development model using path analysis method for iranian auto industries. Int. J. Ind. Eng. Prod. 4, 77–89 (2010).
  27. Robins basic pathology, 7th edn. (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamed Alvansaz
    • 1
  • Maryam Hakakian
    • 1
  • Mohammadfarid Alvansazyazdi
    • 2
    • 5
  • Nelson Esteban Salgado Reyes
    • 3
    Email author
  • Alejandro Miguel Camino Solórzano
    • 4
  1. 1.Yazd Electricity Distribution CompanyYazdIran
  2. 2.Facultad Ingeniera Ciencias Físicas y Matemática, Carrera Ingeniera CivilUniversidad Central del EcuadorQuitoEcuador
  3. 3.Facultad de Ingeniería, Escuela de SistemasPontificia Universidad Católica del EcuadorQuitoEcuador
  4. 4.Facultad de ArquitecturaRector en la Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de ManabíMantaEcuador
  5. 5.Facultad Ingeniera, Carrera Ingeniera CivilUniversidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de ManabíMantaEcuador

Personalised recommendations