Standardizing a Shoe Insole Based on ISO/IEEE 11073 Personal Health Device (X73-PHD) Standards

  • Hawazin BadawiEmail author
  • Fedwa Laamarti
  • Faisal Arafsha
  • Abdulmotaleb El Saddik
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 918)


Personal healthcare systems play fundamental role in shaping the future of healthcare. With the explosion of Digital Twin [1] including wearable technology, many healthcare systems depend on personal health devices (PHD) to perform their functions. It is thus important to standardize the utilized PHDs. In this paper, we propose the X73-PHD standard for a smart shoe insole as this promising device is not yet standardized. We provide a background on shoe insoles and their importance in gait analysis. The main contribution of this paper is providing the detailed design of X73-PHD standard for the shoe insole (SI) through the three main parts of X73-PHD standards, which are: domain information model (DIM), service model (SM), and communication model (CM). Besides,we explain the hardware architecture and the functional model of the SI used in this work. Finally, the standard implementation for the SI is presented.


Shoe insole Standardization Personal health device X73-PHD 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hawazin Badawi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fedwa Laamarti
    • 1
  • Faisal Arafsha
    • 1
  • Abdulmotaleb El Saddik
    • 1
  1. 1.Multimedia Communications Research Laboratory (MCRLab)University of OttawaOttawaCanada

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