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Oyster Mushroom Cultivation as an Economic and Nutritive Alternative for Rural Low-Income Women in Villapinzón (Colombia)

  • Natalia Vargas
  • Carmen Gutierrez
  • Silvia Restrepo
  • Nubia VelascoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Women in Engineering and Science book series (WES)

Abstract

According to The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (Reduce rural poverty, 2018), most of the world’s poor people live in rural areas where hunger and food insecurity are the main expressions of rural poverty. In an attempt to help reducing poverty, several countries throughout the world promote the cultivation of edible fungi as a means of providing nutritive alternatives and earning opportunities for people living in marginal rural areas. In rural areas in the Municipality of Villapinzón, several women develop their activities, are breadwinners but lack a job. The present project takes an interdisciplinary approach to implement the cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus, develop a business plan, and establish a local company, Orellanas de la Villa, with a marginal group of women. Over several visits, the interdisciplinary group searched the available resources to facilitate mushroom production, taught the women a new technique to promote the community’s familiarization with the fungal product, and demonstrate the nutritive properties and different ways of consuming the mushrooms. Considering a selling price that varies between US$ 3.91 and US$ 7.84/kg depending on the product presentation, the business plan showed that each woman has to produce 60 bags/household in order to earn a quarter of the Colombian minimum wage. This study aims to contribute an interdisciplinary approach to the mushroom cultivation process and to create an accessible and economic alternative to low-income rural women in order to diversify some of the local agricultural resources.

Keywords

Business plan Fruiting body Empowerment of women Fungal mycelia Oyster mushroom production 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was partially supported by Vice-Presidency of Research, Universidad de los Andes. We thank all the participants of the Asociación de Mujeres de Villapinzon, the UMATA of Villapinzon, and the Alcaldía de Villapinzón who gave us the opportunity to work with the women. We also thank the Laboratory of Food Microbiology (LEMA) at Universidad de los Andes that carried out the routine microbiological analyses.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalia Vargas
    • 1
  • Carmen Gutierrez
    • 2
  • Silvia Restrepo
    • 1
  • Nubia Velasco
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of Los AndesBogotáColombia
  2. 2.University of Los AndesBogotáColombia
  3. 3.School of ManagementUniversity of Los AndesBogotáColombia

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