The Offence of Money Laundering and Its Aggravated Types in Poland and France

  • Joanna BrzezińskaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Eurasian Studies in Business and Economics book series (EBES, volume 10/2)


The basic purpose hereof is to characterise the structure of the aggravated types of the offence of money laundering in Poland and France. For this purpose, the concept of the aggravated type of offence will be explained. Moreover, the aggravation circumstances entailing aggravated liability of the culprit of money laundering in the Polish Penal Code (commitment of the attributes of the offence by the culprit in agreement with other persons or obtaining of a significant property benefit as a consequence of realisation of its attributes) and in the French Penal Code (realisation of the attributes of money laundering in a usual way or by entities that due to the performed professional activity use the occasion to commit it or commitment of the offence in an organised criminal group) will be discussed and compared. In the further part of the article, the statistical data relating to the number of convictions for the characterised phenomenon will be compiled and the trends in the field of the frequency of its realisation will be determined.


Money laundering Pathology of the economy Aggravated type of crime 



This article is the result of the research works funded within the project funded by the National Scientific Centre. The coordinator of the project is dr J. Brzezińska, Ph.D. (Decision no. DEC 2012/07/D/HS5/00605).


  1. Act on Protection of Business Trading and Change of Some Other Criminal Law Provisions. (1994). (Art. 5). Journal of Laws, No. 126. item 615.Google Scholar
  2. Beernaert, M. A., Bosly, H. D., & Cesoni, M. L. (2008). Les infractions: les infractions contre les biens [Crimes: Crimes against good] (Vol. 1). Bruxelles: Larcier.Google Scholar
  3. Benissad, H. (2014). Blanchiment des capiteaux. Aspects economiques et juridiques [Money laundering. Economic and legal aspects]. Paris: Economica.Google Scholar
  4. Broyer, P. (2000). La lutte contre le blanchiment face au developpement des nouvelles technologies de l’infraction et de la communication [Money laundering from the perspective of new technologies and communication]. In Rapport moral sur l’argent dans le monde 1998 [Money report in the world in 1998]. Paris: Montchrestien.Google Scholar
  5. Cesoni, M. L. (2013). La lutte contre le blanchiment en droit belge, suisse, français, italien et international. Incrimination et confiscation, prevention entraide judiciaire [Anti-money laundering in Belgian, Swiss, French, Italian and international law. Criminalization, confiscation and prevention]. Bruxelles: Bruylant.Google Scholar
  6. Cutajar, C. (1990). La description du processus de blanchimnet [Process of money laundering]. In Droit penal des affaires, t. 1. Partie generale: responsabilite, procedures et sanctions [Criminal business law, t.1. General part: Responsibility, procedures and sanctions]. Paris: PUF.Google Scholar
  7. Cutajar, C. (2016). Blanchiment d’argent. Prevention et repression [Money laundering. Prevention and repression]. Paris: Francis Lefebvre.Google Scholar
  8. Depuis-Danon, M.-C. (2006). Blanchiment d’argent; illusions, realites, impact [Money laundering: Illusions, realities factor]. In Rapport moral sur l’argent dans le monde 2005 [Money report in the world in 2005]. Paris: PAU.Google Scholar
  9. FINTRAC. (2015). Qu’ est-ce que le blanchiment d’argent? [What is money laundering]. [online]. Accessed August 3, 2017, from
  10. Górniok, O. (1993). Podstawy karania za tzw. pranie pieniędzy w obowiązujących i projektowanych przepisach polskiego prawa karnego [Punishment for money laundering in applicable and proposed polish regulations of criminal law]. In Proceder prania brudnych pieniędzy. Studia i materiały [Money laundering phenomenon. Studies and materials]. Toruń: TNOIK “Dom Organizatora”.Google Scholar
  11. Hotte, D., & Hemm, V. (2004). La lutte contre le blanchiment des capiteaux [Anti-money laundering]. Paris: LGDJ.Google Scholar
  12. KGP. (2016). Komenda Główna Policji [Police Headquarters]. [online]. Accessed July 20, 2017, from,Pranie-pieniedzy-art-299.html
  13. Koutouzis, M., & Thony, J.-F. (2005). Le blanchiment [Money laundering]. Paris: PUF.Google Scholar
  14. Lepage, A., Maistre du Chambon P., & Salomon, R. (2015). Droit penal des affaires [Criminal law in business]. Paris: LexisNexis.Google Scholar
  15. Majewski, J. (2012). Kodeks karny z komentarzem. Część szczególna, T. I [Penal code with comments. Special Part, T.I]. Warsaw: Wolters Kluwer.Google Scholar
  16. Montebourg, A., & Peillon, V. (2000). La lutte contre le blanchiment des capiteaux en France: un combat a poursiuvre, Rapport d’information [Anti-money laundering in France. Information report]. Paris: Assemblee Nationale.Google Scholar
  17. Pereira, B. (2011). Blanchiment, soupcon et securite financiere [Money laundering, suspicion, and financial security]. Revue internationale de droit economique, No. 1, t. XXV. Paris: De Boeck.Google Scholar
  18. Pływaczewski, E. (1993). Pranie brudnych pieniędzy [Money laundering]. Toruń: TNOIK “Dom Organizatora”.Google Scholar
  19. Polish Penal Code. (2017a). (Art. 299 § 1-2 and Art. 299 § 5-6). [online]. Accessed July 18, 2017, from
  20. Polish Penal Code. (2017b). (Art. 115 § 4 and Art. 115 § 5). [online]. Accessed July 18, 2017, from
  21. Pradel, J.. (2007). Le droit compare du blanchiment [Comparative law money laundering]. In La lutte internationale contre le blanchiment et le financement du terrorisme, Societe de la legislation compare [International anti-money laundering and financing of terrorism]. Paris: Dalloz.Google Scholar
  22. Quemener, M. (2015). Criminalite economique et financiere. A l’ere numerique [Economic crime. In the digital age]. Paris: Economica.Google Scholar
  23. Quirk, P. J. (1996, June). Macroeconomic implications of money laundering. [online]. Accessed July 20, 2017, from
  24. RAPPORT 2014. (2015), La prevention de la corruption en France: etat des lieux, chiffres cles, perspectives, jurisprudence. La protection des lanceurs d’alerte. La prevention de la corruption: un imperatif pour les entreprises francaises [Prevention of the corruption in France: Data, perspective, jurisprudence. Protection of the whistle—Blower. Prevention of the corruption: Imperative for French companies]. Paris: Dalloz.Google Scholar
  25. Rassat, M. L., & Roujou de Boubee, G. (2008). Droit penal special [Special penal law]. Paris: Dalloz.Google Scholar
  26. Spreutels, J., & Gijseels, C. (1998). Un nouveau pas dans la lutte contre le blanchiment [New measures to combat money laundering]. [online]. Accessed July 20, 2017, from
  27. Tanzi, V. (1996). Money laundering and the international financial system. [online]. Accessed July 18, 2017, from
  28. TRACFIN. (2014). Rapport d’activite. Traitement du Renseignement et Action Contre les Circuits Financiers Clandestins [Activity report, 2014. Processing of intelligence and action against illegal financial circuits]. [online]. Accessed July 20, 2017, from
  29. Vernier, E. (2013). Techniques de blanchiment et moyens de lutte [Money laundering techniques and measures to combat money laundering]. Paris: DUNOD.Google Scholar
  30. Wójcik, J. W. (2014). Pranie brudnych pieniędzy jako przykład przestępstwa gospodarczego. Wojskowy Przegląd Prawniczy. Warsaw: Nr 4.Google Scholar
  31. Zoll, A. (2008). Kodeks karny z komentarzem. Część szczególna. T. III [Penal code with comments. Special part. T. III]. Warsaw: Wolters Kluwer.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of WroclawWroclawPoland

Personalised recommendations