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Diabetes in Children and Adolescents

  • América Liliana Miranda Lora
  • Martha Beauregard Paz
  • Miguel Klünder Klünder
Chapter

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases in pediatric patients. Although type 1 diabetes is the most common in children and adolescents, and type 2 diabetes has increased in these age groups, there are other types of diabetes with lower frequency that affect this population, such as monogenic diabetes, drug- or chemical-induced diabetes, and cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, among others. The diagnostic criteria for diabetes mellitus and increased risk of diabetes (prediabetes) are essentially the same as in adults; however, there are unique aspects of the care and management of children and adolescents with diabetes, such as changes in insulin sensitivity due to growth and development, dependence on care, and neurological susceptibility to changes in glucose. Additionally, treatment should be adapted to age-related physiological changes, which must be handled and guided by a multidisciplinary team of specialists in pediatric diabetes. It is important to provide family and individual management education to achieve a balance between adult supervision and independent self-care so that the transition from pediatric to adult health care is smooth and successful.

Keywords

Diabetes mellitus Children Adolescents 

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Suggested Reading

  1. American Diabetes Association. 12. Children and Adolescents. Diabetes Care. 40(Supplement 1):S105–13. In this document, the American Diabetes Association provides the components of diabetes care for children and adolescents as well as a system to grade the quality of scientific evidence supporting recommendations for health care in pediatric patients.Google Scholar
  2. ISPAD Clinical Practice Consensus Guidelines 2014. https://www.ispad.org/?page=ispadclinicalpract. This compendium of consensus guidelines contains updates about significant advances in scientific knowledge and clinical care for pediatric and adolescent patients with diabetes mellitus.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • América Liliana Miranda Lora
    • 1
  • Martha Beauregard Paz
    • 1
  • Miguel Klünder Klünder
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Unit of Evidence-Based Medicine, Mexico Children’s Hospital Federico GómezMexico CityMexico
  2. 2.Mexico Children’s Hospital Federico GómezMexico CityMexico

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