Diabetes and Smoking: The Burden of Evidence
Cigarette smoking is a well-known risk factor for many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases and various malignancies. Smoking is associated with higher insulin resistance, chronic inflammation, and dyslipidemia. Smoking is strongly linked with both increased incidence as well as severity of diabetes. Smoking has also shown to be associated with higher risk of diabetes complications especially macrovascular complications. Smoking cessation is one of the important targets for diabetes control and the prevention of chronic diabetes complications.
KeywordsDiabetes complications Diabetes mellitus Smoking Cardiovascular disease
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