Home and Market Production Time Use Differentials in Colombia
This chapter studies the time use patterns by age and sex in Colombia using the 2012 time use survey. Over the past three decades, Colombia experienced a fast demographic transition with a spectacular increase in educational coverage for primary and secondary levels, regardless of gender. However, the Time Transfers Accounts portrait a double burden for women who devote most of their time to unpaid domestic housework at all ages, including post retirement ages, mostly due to child caring activities. The gap is larger once educational attainment is taken into account. Thus, the gender gap shrinks as the level of education rises. Our estimates imply that women with the lowest educational attainment devote three times more time to unpaid housework at age 20 than the most educated women. Higher education seems to be a double protector for women as it relates to postponement and fertility reduction, as well as increasing the probability of having a paid job easing access to formal retirement.
KeywordsTime use The Americas National time transfers accounts Colombia Gender segregation Gendered economy Housework production
We thank NTTA and the Counting Women’s Work project for coordinating and the International Development Research Centre of Canada for financial support of the international project. Able research assistantship by Alejandra Martínez and Natalia Rodríguez is acknowledged.
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