Advertisement

Home and Market Production Time Use Differentials in Colombia

  • Jorge A. Tovar
  • B. Piedad UrdinolaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter studies the time use patterns by age and sex in Colombia using the 2012 time use survey. Over the past three decades, Colombia experienced a fast demographic transition with a spectacular increase in educational coverage for primary and secondary levels, regardless of gender. However, the Time Transfers Accounts portrait a double burden for women who devote most of their time to unpaid domestic housework at all ages, including post retirement ages, mostly due to child caring activities. The gap is larger once educational attainment is taken into account. Thus, the gender gap shrinks as the level of education rises. Our estimates imply that women with the lowest educational attainment devote three times more time to unpaid housework at age 20 than the most educated women. Higher education seems to be a double protector for women as it relates to postponement and fertility reduction, as well as increasing the probability of having a paid job easing access to formal retirement.

Keywords

Time use The Americas National time transfers accounts Colombia Gender segregation Gendered economy Housework production 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank NTTA and the Counting Women’s Work project for coordinating and the International Development Research Centre of Canada for financial support of the international project. Able research assistantship by Alejandra Martínez and Natalia Rodríguez is acknowledged.

References

  1. Coile, C. (2003). Retirement incentives and couples’ retirement decisions (NBER Working Paper 9496). www.nber.org/papers/w9496
  2. Donehower, G. (2014). Incorporating gender and time use into NTA: National Time Transfer Accounts methodology. Berkeley: University of California, Department of Demography. Manuscript. http://www.ntaccounts.org/web/nta/show/Gender,%20Time%20use
  3. Friedman, J. (1984). A variable span smoother (Technical Report No. 5). Laboratory for Computational Statistics, Department of Statistics, Stanford University.Google Scholar
  4. Herrera, P. (2010). Explorando la nueva brecha educativa por género en Colombia. Trabajo de investigación Asobancaria.Google Scholar
  5. Jiménez-Fontana, P. (2017). Challenges to increase female labor force participation: Gender inequality in Costa Rica (NTA-Working Paper #17-02).Google Scholar
  6. NTA-National Transfer Accounts. (2013). National Transfer Accounts manual. New York: . United Nations.Google Scholar
  7. Reid, M. (1934). Economics of household production. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  8. Stancanelli, E., & Soest, A. V. (2012). Retirement and home production: A regression discontinuity approach. The American Economic Review, 102(3), 600–605.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ullmann, H., & Maldonado, C. (2015). Differences in unpaid household work between men and women. Recent trends for Latin America from Time Use Surveys. Paper presented at Population Association of America Conference-2015, Session 30 and available at: http://paa2015.princeton.edu/abstracts/153202
  10. UN-United Nations. (2015). 2015 revision of world population prospects. Available at: http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/
  11. Vargha, L., Gál, R. I., & Crosby-Nagy, M. O. (2017). Household production and consumption over the life cycle: National Time Transfer Accounts in 14 European countries. Demographic Research, 36, 905–944.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Zagheni, E., Zannella, M., Movsesyan, G., & Wagner, B. (2014). A comparative analysis of European time transfers between generations and genders. Springer.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversidad de los AndesBogotáColombia
  2. 2.Department of StatisticsUniversidad Nacional de Colombia-BogotáBogotáColombia

Personalised recommendations