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Differentiation of Regional Labor Markets: New Risks and Opportunities for Smoothing

  • M. V. SimonovaEmail author
  • F. I. Mirzabalaeva
  • L. V. Sankova
Chapter
Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)

Abstract

Spatial differentiation of regional labor markets in the modern economy is a reflection of its opportunities to develop and respond to local and global challenges and shocks, which determines the relevance of the study of the most significant causes based on the evaluation of various indicators. One of the most difficult problems is the regional development inequality and fundamental differences that are associated with the ability of different regions to economic growth. Sharp differentiation of regions implies the implementation of a more flexible and differentiated regional employment policy. The aim of the work is to identify issues and assess the dynamics of differentiation of regional labor markets in Russia in terms of traditional indicators. The methodological basis of the research includes a systematic approach and clustering of regional labor markets in Russia on the basis of self-organizing maps on the analytical platform Deductor. This contribution analyzes spatial differentiation of Russian labor markets. Here it is necessary to read that the authors, on the basis of the conducted research, identified from 5 to 7 groups of regional labor markets, which differ in the degree of depression and characterize the shifts between them. It is shown that labor markets of 6–7 clusters throughout 2010–2016 are relatively stable, which makes it possible to diagnose depression in regional labor markets of these clusters and the poor efficiency of employment policies. The development of regional labor markets and the alleviation of differentiation are predetermined by the regional economic system development, primarily through modernization and development of the system of jobs in traditional and innovative economic sectors (including those associated with digitalization trends).

Keywords

Employment Policy Differentiation of regional labor markets Self-organizing maps Clustering of regions 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Samara State University of EconomicsSamaraRussia
  2. 2.Plekhanov Russian University of EconomicsMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Yuri Gagarin State Technical University of SaratovSaratovRussia

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