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Nanocharacterization

  • Hassan RazaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics book series (ULNP)

Abstract

In this chapter, we discuss various microscopy and spectroscopy techniques used for the characterization of nanomaterials. Microscopy is indeed the science of visualizing materials experimentally, whereas spectroscopy is concerned with the metrology (the science of measurement) of spectra produced during the interaction between the matter and the external stimuli, e.g. applied bias, electromagnetic radiation, etc.

Reference

  1. 1.
    Binnig et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 120 (1983)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Fundamental ResearchIslamabadPakistan

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