Water Resources Potential of Turkey

  • Bülent Selek
  • Hakan Aksu
Part of the World Water Resources book series (WWR, volume 2)


Assessment of water resources potential plays a key role in effective water resources management. This chapter provides the details of water balance components over Turkey. It presents a compilation and review of the available data on precipitation, evapotranspiration, groundwater and surface flows between 1981 and 2010, and the main drivers affecting Turkey’s water potential are explained. The study is based on the most recent reports of the Ministry of Forestry and Water and related institutions (State Hydraulic Works, Meteorological Services, and the Directorate General of Water Management). It gives the details of the country’s gross water resources, using a water balance approach. Compiled data on the water resources potential are given separately for each of the 25 large river basins of Turkey and also in total figures for the whole country. Furthermore, an overview of the 1981 and 2010 period is also presented to provide information on maximum and minimum values of the hydrologic and meteorological components. This chapter is intended to quantify Turkey’s water resources but does not assess how these resources should be managed or developed.


Water resources potential Turkey Precipitation Evapotranspiration Surface water Groundwater 



The authors are grateful to Ministry of Forestry and Water of Turkey and related institutions (State Hydraulic Works, Meteorology Service, DG of Water Management) for their valuable published materials. The authors also thank the chief editor Prof. Dr. Nilgun Harmancioglu for inviting them to prepare this chapter of the book “Water Resources of Turkey”.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bülent Selek
    • 1
  • Hakan Aksu
    • 2
  1. 1.Ministry of Agriculture and ForestryAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Department of Meteorological EngineeringSamsun UniversitySamsunTurkey

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