Advertisement

A Right to Privacy and a Right to Know

  • Mike SheaffEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Contested boundaries between ‘public’ and ‘private’ gain further importance with expanding conceptions of human rights. The guarantee of respect for ‘private life’ in the European Convention on Human Rights, subsequently developed through European case law to embrace reputation and relationships, provides a context for increasing attention given in the UK to the protection of privacy and personal data. However, conflicts between public and private emerge in counter-claims to freedom of expression and rights to a private life. The development of freedom of information legislation in the UK marked a new departure, but with increasing use of data protection legislation to avoid FOIA disclosure, the House of Commons expenses scandal illustrates further conflicting claims over rights to privacy and freedom of information.

Keywords

Human Rights European Convention on Human Rights Privacy Freedom of information Public interest 

References

  1. Ashworth, J. (2002). Human Rights, Serious Crime and Criminal Procedure. The Hamlyn Lectures. London: Sweet & Maxwell.Google Scholar
  2. Cowburn, A. (2018, April 23). Majority of People Think UK Government Should Fine Facebook After Data Scandal, Poll Reveals. The Independent.Google Scholar
  3. Digman, J. M. (1990). Personality Structure: Emergence of the Five-Factor Model. Annual Review of Psychology, 41, 417–440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Etzioni, A. (2000). A Communitarian Perspective on Privacy. Connecticut Law Review, 32(3), 897–905.Google Scholar
  5. Fuchs, C. (2011). Towards an Alternative Concept of Privacy. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, 9(4), 220–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gavison, R. (1980). Privacy and the Limits of Law. The Yale Law Journal, 89(3), 421–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Glancy, D. J. (1979). The Invention of the Right to Privacy. Arizona Law Review, 21(1), 1–37.Google Scholar
  8. Halford (2015, July 30). Big Data and the Politics of Discipline. Discover Society. Available at: http://discoversociety.org/2015/07/30/big-data-and-the-politics-of-discipline/
  9. Hern, A., & Pegg, D. (2018, July 11). Facebook Fined for Data Breaches in Cambridge Analytica Scandal. The Guardian.Google Scholar
  10. Holmes, M. (2000). When Is the Personal Political? The President’s Penis and Other Stories. Sociology, 34(2), 305–321.Google Scholar
  11. Hughes, K. (2015). The Social Value of Privacy, the Value of Privacy to Society and Human Rights Discourse. In Roessler & Mokrosinska (Eds.).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Information Commissioner. (2018a, June 11). Investigation into the Use of Data Analytics in Political Campaigns Investigation Update.Google Scholar
  13. Information Commissioner (2018b, July 11). Democracy Disrupted? Personal Information and Political Influence.Google Scholar
  14. Information Commissioner of Canada. (1998). Annual Report.Google Scholar
  15. Latour, B. (2007, April 6). Beware your imagination leaves digital traces. Times Higher Education Supplement.Google Scholar
  16. Levenson, The Rt Hon Lord Justice. (2012). An Inquiry into the Culture, Practices and Ethics of the Press. London: The Stationery Office.Google Scholar
  17. Lever, A. (2015). Privacy, democracy and Freedom of Expression. In Roessler & Mokrosinska (Eds.).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lewis, W. (2019, May 2). MP’s Expenses: A Very British Scandal. New Statesman.Google Scholar
  19. Macpherson, C. B. (1962). The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism: From Hobbes to Locke. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Mill, J. S., & Lerner, M. (1965). Essential Works of John Stuart Mill. New York: Bantam Books.Google Scholar
  21. Mokrosinska, D. (2015). How Much Privacy for Public Officials? In Roessler & Mokrosinska (Eds.).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nagel, T. (1998). Concealment and Exposure. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 27(1), 3–30.Google Scholar
  23. Rogers de Waal. (2017). Security Trumps Privacy in British Attitudes to Cyber-Surveillance. YouGov. https://yougov.co.uk/news/2017/06/12/Security-Trumps-Privacy/
  24. Shils, E. A. (1956). Two Patterns of Publicity, Secrecy and Privacy. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 12(6), 215–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Shils, E. (1966). Privacy: Its Constitution and Vicissitudes. Law and Contemporary Problems, 31, 281–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Thompson, J. B. (2005). The New Visibility. Theory, Culture and Society, 22(6), 31–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Turner, B. S. (1993). Outline of a Theory of Human Rights. Sociology, 27(3), 489–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Warren, S. D., & Brandeis, L. D. (1890). The Right to Privacy. Harvard Law Review, 4(5), 193–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Westin, A. F. (1967). Privacy and Freedom. London: The Bodley Head.Google Scholar
  30. YouGov. (2018, July 23). Most Brits Think Police Suspects Are Entitled to Privacy Until They Are Found Guilty of a Crime. YouGov. https://yougov.co.uk/news/2018/07/23/most-brits-think-suspects-entitled-privacy/
  31. Young, H. (1999, May 25). The Final Triumph of All the Butchers and Whisperers. The Guardian.Google Scholar
  32. Younger, K. (Chairman) (1973). Report of the Committee on Privacy. Presented to Parliament, July 1972. London: HMSO.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Law, Criminology & GovernmentUniversity of PlymouthPlymouthUK

Personalised recommendations