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Chulym Turkic is a Uralian Kipchak Language, According to the Leipzig–Jakarta List

  • Innokentiy N. NovgorodovEmail author
  • Nurmagomed E. Gadzhiakhmedov
  • Mussa B. Ketenchiev
  • Natalya V. Kropotova
  • Valeriya M. Lemskaya
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 907)

Abstract

Background. This article is about the relationship of the Chulym Turkic language to the Kipchak Turkic languages. The article sets questions to which of the modern Kipchak languages Chulym Turkic is related or whether it is a separate Kipchak language group. The relationship of the Chulym Turkic language to Cuman (Ponto-Caspian) is also studied. The Chulym Turks are the people of the South East of the West-Siberian Plain. The number of the Chulym Turks is around 365 people in Russia.

Materials and Methods. Research materials are words of the Leipzig–Jakarta list, phonetic and morphology data of the Turkic languages. The Leipzig–Jakarta list is a 100-word list to test the degree of the relationship between languages. The most resistant words were taken from dictionaries, publications and native speakers. In this survey the comparative method is used as the main method. The quantitative method is applied to count the similarities and discrepancies in the Leipzig-Jakarta list of the Turkic languages.

Discussions. Previously we understood Chulym Turkic to be of the Kipchak Turkic language origin, according to the Leipzig-Jakarta list.

Conclusions. Authors conclude that the Chulym Turkic language differs from the Cuman (Ponto-Caspian) Turkic languages in 2 items. Homogeneity of the Kipchak languages as comparable objects, according to the Leipzig-Jakarta list, is revealed. Detailed analysis of the list of vocabulary and grammar data reveals that the Chulym Turkic language belongs to the Uralian Kipchak languages.

Keywords

Languages Leipzig-Jakarta list Grammar data Turkic Kipchak Cuman Uralian Chulym turkic 

Abbreviations

alt.

Altai

az.

Azerbaijani

bash.

Bashkir

chin.

Chinese

chul.

Chulym

i.e.

Indo-European

kar.

Karaim

kaz.

Kazakh

Kir.

Kazakh dialect

kkal.

Karakalpak

kbal.

Karachay-Balkar

kum.

Kumyk

Küär.

Kueyric dialect

kyrg.

Kyrgyz

mo.

Written Mongolian

nog.

Nogai

skr.

Sanskrit

stat.

SiberianTatar

tat.

Tatar

tel.

Teleut

Tel.

Teleut dialect

tu.

Turkic

turk.

Turkmenian

wyug.

Western Yugur

yak.

Yakut

[Dulson]

Chulym field data of A. P. Dulson

Notes

Acknowledgments

We sincerely thank the Russian Federation Government for the grant RScF 18-18-00501 Digital Dialectologic Atlas of Turkic languages in Russia; this publication was prepared within the framework of this research project. We also sincerely thank Shimon Yuhnevich and Lidiya Mashkevich who checked and added items to the Karaim materials. We also sincerely thank Linara Ishkildina who checked and added the Bashkir materials.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.North-Eastern Federal UniversityYakutskRussian Federation
  2. 2.Dagestan State UniversityMakhachkalaRussian Federation
  3. 3.Kabardino-Balkarian State UniversityNalchikRussian Federation
  4. 4.Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical UniversitySimferopolRussian Federation
  5. 5.Tomsk State Pedagogical UniversityTomskRussian Federation
  6. 6.Tomsk State UniversityTomskRussian Federation

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