Activity Location Recommendation Using a Decentralized Proportional Feedback Mechanism

  • Tim P. van OijenEmail author
  • Winnie Daamen
  • Serge P. Hoogendoorn
Conference paper


Numerous activity location recommendation strategies have been developed that recommend activity locations or points of interests to individuals. To the best of our knowledge, these strategies have always been designed from a user-optimal perspective. This paper contrariwise presents a recommendation strategy that aims for a system-optimal distribution of people over a set of locations. The task of generating recommendations is described as a control problem, in which the difference between a locally observed distribution of people over the locations and a desired distribution is minimized. We present a generic approach that uses feedback control laws to tackle this problem. Instead of modelling the effect of single recommendations on human behaviour, we follow a macroscopic approach and aim to determine optimal origin-specific destination choice distributions. The potential of the approach is illustrated by simulation of a simple scenario in a 3-node network.



This research was supported by the ALLEGRO project, which is funded by the European Research Council (Grant Agreement No. 669792).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tim P. van Oijen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Winnie Daamen
    • 1
  • Serge P. Hoogendoorn
    • 1
  1. 1.Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

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