Conflict Model of Evacuees and Vehicles on Pedestrian Crossing in the Aftermath of Disaster

  • Kentaro KumagaiEmail author
  • Kenji Ono
Conference paper


Simulation which focuses on conflict between pedestrians and vehicles is important to assess evacuation safety of the pedestrians and drivers of the vehicles at a disaster. Although there were many researches in regular traffic conditions, conflict in the aftermath of disaster has not been discussed enough. Griffiths et al. developed a microscopic simulation model of pedestrians and vehicles on an unsignalized zebra crossing. In this contribution, we attempted to modify the conflict model of Griffiths et al. and applied it to a zebra crossing and an event of a tsunami evacuation drill. In the model proposed, we made assumptions that pedestrians are more reckless to cross a street in an emergency. As a result, it was found that the conflict model which takes into account the hypothesis about psychological state of pedestrians reproduced well the results of a field survey.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of ManagementKyoto UniversitySakyo, KyotoJapan
  2. 2.Cooperating Faculty of DPRIKyoto UniversityUjiJapan
  3. 3.Port and Airport Research InstituteYokosukaJapan

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