Advertisement

Modeling and Solving of Multiple Conflict Situations in Shared Spaces

  • Chris SchiermeyerEmail author
  • Federico Pascucci
  • Nils Rinke
  • Volker Berkhahn
  • Bernhard Friedrich
Conference paper

Abstract

When streets are designed according to the shared space principle, road users tend to interact spontaneously and to negotiate priority with each other by adapting their trajectory and speed. Despite the success of this design principle in the recent years, traffic engineers still cannot rely on microsimulation tools for shared spaces, which would be extremely useful to compute performance indicators describing safety and quality of traffic. In view of this, in the previous research the authors have developed a three-layered social force-based model, capable to simulate the operation of shared space environments. The aim of the current work is to extend the model by including conflict solving strategies for multiple conflict situations, i.e., conflicts which involve more than two road users. A methodological approach based on aggregated probabilities is proposed to determine road users’ behavioral strategy. The goodness of the model is shown by means of an observed situation involving multiple pedestrians and motorists.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The scientific research published in this article is granted by the German Research Foundation (DFG) under the reference BE 2159/13-1 and FR 1670/13-1. The authors cordially thank the funding agency.

References

  1. 1.
    Anvari, B., Majumdar, A., Ochieng, W.: Mixed traffic modelling involving pedestrian dynamics for integrated street designs: a review. University of Science and Technology, Beijing (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gettman, D., Head, L.: Surrogate safety measures from traffic simulation models. Transp. Res. Rec. J. Transp. Res. Board (1840), 104–115 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kaparias, I., Bell, M., Dong, W., Sastrawinata, A., Singh, A., Wang, X., Mount, B.: Analysis of pedestrian-vehicle traffic conflicts in street designs with elements of shared space. Transp. Res. Rec. J. Transp. Res. Board (2393), 21–30 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Karndacharuk, A., Wilson, D., Dunn, R.: Safety performance study of shared pedestrian and vehicle space in New Zealand. Transp. Res. Rec. J. Transp. Res. Board (2464), 1–10 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pascucci, F., Rinke, N., Schiermeyer, C., Friedrich, B., Berkhahn, V.: Modeling of shared space with multi-modal traffic using a multi-layer social force approach. In: Transportation Research Procedia, vol. 10, pp. 316–326. Elsevier, London (2015). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2015.09.081 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pascucci, F., Rinke, N., Schiermeyer, C., Berkhahn, V., Friedrich, B.: A discrete choice model for solving conflict situations between pedestrians and vehicles in shared space. Eprint arXiv: stat-AP/1709.09412 (2017)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rinke, N., Schiermeyer, C., Pascucci, F., Berkhahn, V., Friedrich, B.: A multi-layer social force approach to model interactions in shared spaces using collision prediction. In: Transportation Research Procedia, vol. 25. Elsevier, London (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2017.05.144 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schiermeyer, C., Pascucci, F., Rinke, N., Berkhahn, V., Friedrich, B.: A genetic algorithm approach for the calibration of a social force based model for shared spaces. In: Proceedings of Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, pp. 485–491 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schroeder, B.J.: A Behavior-Based Methodology for Evaluating Pedestrian-Vehicle Interaction at Crosswalks. North Carolina State University, North Carolina (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Stone, M., et al.: The opinion pool. Ann. Math. Stat. 32(4), 1339–1342 (1961)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sun, D., Ukkusuri, S., Benekohal, R.F., Waller, S.T.: Modeling of motorist-pedestrian interaction at uncontrolled mid-block crosswalks. Urbana 51, 61801 (2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chris Schiermeyer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Federico Pascucci
    • 2
  • Nils Rinke
    • 1
  • Volker Berkhahn
    • 1
  • Bernhard Friedrich
    • 2
  1. 1.Leibniz Universität HannoverInstitute for Risk and ReliabilityHannoverGermany
  2. 2.Technische Universität BraunschweigInstitute for Transportation and Urban EngineeringBraunschweigGermany

Personalised recommendations