Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram for Train Platforms

  • Winnie DaamenEmail author
  • Jeroen van den Heuvel
  • Victor L. Knoop
  • Serge P. Hoogendoorn
Conference paper


The macroscopic fundamental diagram (MFD) relates the flow, density and speed of an entire network. So far, the MFD has been mostly applied to cases where pedestrians and vehicles were aiming to reach their destinations as fast as possible. However, pedestrian facilities involve different behaviours. Especially in train stations, travellers spend more time waiting than walking. Moreover, complex passenger flows (i.e. flows in different directions moving to stairs and escalators distributed over the platform) may occur on the platform, due to passengers. In this paper we show that passenger flows on platforms can be described by an MFD.



This research was supported by the ALLEGRO project, which is funded by the European Research Council (Grant Agreement No. 669792) and the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solutions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Winnie Daamen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jeroen van den Heuvel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Victor L. Knoop
    • 1
  • Serge P. Hoogendoorn
    • 1
  1. 1.Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.NS Stations (Netherlands Railways)UtrechtThe Netherlands

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