Experimental Investigation of Pedestrian Queuing Behaviour
One key aspect of pedestrian dynamics is the pedestrian queuing behaviour particularly in front of bottlenecks. As previous studies have highlighted, features of pedestrian queues in front of different types of bottlenecks are considerably dissimilar. Insights into similarities and differences of pedestrian queuing behaviour for typical bottlenecks can be important for the planning and design of public walking space. However, no sufficient empirical studies have been carried out so far to examine the diversity of pedestrian queuing behaviour. In this study, a series of experiments were performed to explore the characteristics of pedestrian queue formations under different conditions.
As the results suggest, pedestrians tend to form organized queues before bottlenecks with a clear pass control (e.g., service counters where only one person can be served once). Wider bottlenecks, capacity reductions and low service rates were found to motivate pedestrians to merge or overtake in the upstream of the bottleneck.
The authors are thankful to the Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, the University of Tokyo, for providing the experimental spaces.
- 3.Daly, P., McGrath, F., Annesley, T.: Pedestrian speed/flow relationships for underground stations. Traffic Eng. Control 32(2), 75–78 (1991)Google Scholar
- 8.Okazaki, S., Matsushita, S.: A study of simulation model for pedestrian movement with evacuation and queuing. In: International Conference on Engineering for Crowd Safety, vol. 271 (1993)Google Scholar
- 11.Suzuki, K., Nakamura, H.: Trafficanalyzer-the integrated video image processing system for traffic flow analysis. In: Proceedings of the 13th Its World Congress, London, 8–12 October 2006 (2006)Google Scholar