Parathyroid Gland

  • Linda M. ErnstEmail author
  • Lily Marsden


Studies in mammals have shown that the fetus maintains a plasma calcium concentration that is higher than that of the mother. This high fetal calcium level is essential for the proper development and mineralization of the fetal skeleton, and the fetal parathyroid glands play an important role in this process. This chapter focuses on the histological features of the fetal parathyroid glands.


Chief cell Oxyphil cell Pharyngeal pouches Parathyroid hormone 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pathology and Laboratory MedicineNorthShore University HealthSystemEvanstonUSA
  2. 2.Utah State Office of the Medical ExaminerSalt Lake CityUSA

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