Advertisement

The Liberty Network in Varese Province: Strategies for Its Knowledge and Enhancement

  • Claudia Caramel
  • Anna AnzaniEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 26)

Abstract

Between the end of 19th and the beginning of 20th century, the research of a national style produced various architectural experiments in Europe including the development of Liberty. In the Province of Varese as well as in the adjacent Canton Ticino, the diffusion of Art Nouveau was fostered by the creation of new rail links that became a source of tourism development. The great potential of Liberty valuable built system, connoted by a stratification of both human and natural elements that blended into a whole, is currently extremely vulnerable, its assets being often classified as minor examples and not subjected to law protection restrictions. Sustainable strategies for its knowledge and enhancement worth be promoted, adopting a holistic approach that includes both the preservation of the built heritage and the improvement of life quality, in a continuous dialectic between memory and design, tradition and innovation. Awareness should be raised about the importance of beauty as a fundamental right of human beings, considering the aesthetic experience as a normal attribute of our daily life and understanding that space livability is based not only on rational and functional aspects, but also on values and a sense of belonging with places. The purpose of this paper is to suggest possible perspectives to improve the people daily experience by enhancing the identity characters of a specific urban environment, inevitably including the preservation of the ecological conditions. Solutions based on a “space outfitting” approach could be proposed, which can be a response to current social changes, but also a transdisciplinary perspective to address the relationship between present and memory, relying upon reuse instead of new construction, low environmental impact, no waste, energy sustainability, social network and shared economy, participatory design, attention to the details, comfort and wellness.

Keywords

Liberty Cultural heritage Beauty Ecology Identity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The project, in collaboration with several institutions including Politecnico di Milano, Ente Parco Naturale Regionale Campo dei Fiori, Ordine degli Architetti, Pianificatori, Paesaggisti e Conservatori della Provincia di Varese and several municipalities, started in 2011. The team was composed by A. Baila, A. Anzani, E. Guglielmi, C. Caramel, M. Guarisco, and D. Niglia. E. Lonardo is gratefully acknowledged for his collaboration to create the pictures based on D. Niglia’s photographs.

References

  1. 1.
    Anzani A, Baila A, Caramel C, Guarisco M (2013) Beauty and sustainability—survey on liberty heritage in Varese and Ticino area. In: Proceedings of XI Forum Internazionale di Studi Le Vie dei Mercanti, Heritage, Architecture, Landesign, 13–15 giugno, Aversa, Capri. La scuola di Pitagora editrice, NapoliGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baila A, Anzani A (eds) (2013) Palacento 1913–2013. Maggioli Editore, Santarcangelo di RomagnaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hillman J (1999) Politica della bellezza. Moretti & Vitali Editori, BergamoGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hillman J, Truppi C (2004) L’anima dei luoghi. Conversazione con Carlo Truppi. Rizzoli, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Latouche S (2009) Farewell to growth [Petit traité de la décroissance sereine] (D. Macey, Trans.). Polity Press, Cambridge (original work published 2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Anzani A, Caramel C (2017) Design and restoration—a holistic approach. In: Crespi L (ed) Design innovations for contemporary interiors and civic art. IGI Global, Hershey, pp 241–257Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Anzani A, Baila A (2015) Enhancing the Ch: psychological and aesthetic issues. In: Proceedings REUSO 2015 - III Congreso Internacional sobre Documentación, Conservación, y Reutilización del Patrimonio Arquitectónico, Valencia, 22–24 Ottobre 2015Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Baila A, Anzani A, Caramel C (eds) (2015) Nutrendo Anima e Corpo. Itinerari di delizia tra le ville del Sacro Monte sopra Varese/Feeding Body and Soul. Delightful journeys among villas in Sacro Monte above Varese. Maggioli Editore, Santarcangelo di RomagnaGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Crespi L, Anzani A, Caramel C, Crippa D, Di Prete B, Lonardo E (2017) Designing remains. In: Amoruso G (ed) Putting tradition into practice: heritage, place and design. Springer, Berlin, pp 1473–1482Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Caramel C (2017) The beauty of little-known heritage as an aesthetic experience of urban spaces. In: Biamonti A, Guerrini L (eds) Polimi design phd_017. 10 Ph.D. thesis on Design as we do in POLIMI. Editore Franco Angeli, Milano, pp 56–66Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of DesignPolitecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations