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An Overview of Point-of-Care Technologies Enabling Next-Generation Healthcare Monitoring and Management

  • Sandeep Kumar Vashist
  • John H. T. Luong
Chapter

Abstract

Point-of-care (POC) technologies have advanced considerably during the last decade to pave the way to the emergence of next-generation healthcare monitoring and management. The most prominent developments encompass the smartphone (SP)-based technologies, paper-based assays (PBA), lab-on-a-chip (LOC) platforms, microfluidic operations, new biosensors, rapid assay formats, automated and fully integrated assay technologies, prolonged reagent storage concepts, and novel bioanalytical technologies. The advances in complementary technologies would provide considerable support to the development of critically improved POC technologies. Although paper- and LOC-based assays are cost-effective and simple, emerging SP-based technologies become the ideal POC solution for healthcare due to their enormous outreach and enriched features. Such POC technologies could increase the outreach of healthcare for remote and decentralized settings worldwide. The recent trend is strongly inclined toward mobile healthcare (mH), which would lead to critically improved healthcare monitoring and management.

Keywords

Point-of-care technologies Healthcare Monitoring Management Cellphone Paper Lab-on-a-chip Assay formats Prolonged storage Smart applications 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandeep Kumar Vashist
    • 1
  • John H. T. Luong
    • 2
  1. 1.Labsystems Diagnostics OyVantaaFinland
  2. 2.Innovative Chromatography Group, Irish Separation Science Cluster (ISSC), School of Chemistry and Analytical, Biological Chemistry Research Facility (ABCRF)University College CorkCorkIreland

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