Advertisement

Open Data Politics: Building a Research Framework

  • Maxat KassenEmail author
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Political Science book series (BRIEFSPOLITICAL)

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to provide a brief introduction to the concept of open data politics and its key terms, which are actively used in other parts of the book, especially in understanding its fundamental elements such as phenomena of open data, open data platforms, open data-driven projects, open government, e-government, and e-participation, as well as its key political and socioeconomic values such as transparency of government, civic engagement, public–private partnership, public sector innovations, and digital democracy. Another goal of the chapter is to develop a conceptual framework for the empirical analysis. The framework is built in accordance with key research questions and analytical approaches that shape conceptually the methodology of the case study investigation hereinafter. In particular, the author explains why these topics are important and relevant as part of the current research on open data to propose new policy agendas in academic and professional literature. Also, he tries to justify the use of descriptive analysis to address the chosen research questions, especially in understanding different institutional stakeholders, their perspectives on open data policies, and operation of related networking platforms at different institutional levels of government.

Keywords

Open data Open data politics Public values Conceptual framework Theoretical analysis 

References

  1. Abu-Shanab, E. A. (2015). Reengineering the open government concept: An empirical support for a proposed model. Government Information Quarterly, 32(4), 453–463.Google Scholar
  2. Akyürek, H., Scholl, C., Stodden, R., Siebenlist, T., & Mainka, A. (2018, May). Maturity and usability of open data in North Rhine-Westphalia. In Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research: Governance in the Data Age (p. 18). ACM.Google Scholar
  3. Albano, C. S., & Reinhard, N. (2014, September). Open government data: Facilitating and motivating factors for coping with potential barriers in the Brazilian context. In International Conference on Electronic Government (pp. 181–193). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  4. Alexopoulos, C., Spiliotopoulou, L., & Charalabidis, Y. (2013, September). Open data movement in Greece: A case study on open government data sources. In Proceedings of the 17th Panhellenic Conference on Informatics (pp. 279–286). ACM.Google Scholar
  5. Alexopoulos, C., Zuiderwijk, A., Charapabidis, Y., Loukis, E., & Janssen, M. (2014, September). Designing a second generation of open data platforms: Integrating open data and social media. In International Conference on Electronic Government (pp. 230–241). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  6. Attard, J., Orlandi, F., Scerri, S., & Auer, S. (2015). A systematic review of open government data initiatives. Government Information Quarterly, 32(4), 399–418.Google Scholar
  7. Barry, E., & Bannister, F. (2014). Barriers to open data release: A view from the top. Information Polity, 19(1, 2), 129–152.Google Scholar
  8. Bates, J. (2014). The strategic importance of information policy for the contemporary neoliberal state: The case of Open Government Data in the United Kingdom. Government Information Quarterly, 31(3), 388–395.Google Scholar
  9. Bertot, J. C., Gorham, U., Jaeger, P. T., Sarin, L. C., & Choi, H. (2014). Big data, open government and e-government: Issues, policies and recommendations. Information Polity, 19(1, 2), 5–16.Google Scholar
  10. Bichard, J. A., & Knight, G. (2012). Improving public services through open data: Public toilets. Municipal Engineer, 165(ME3), 157–165.Google Scholar
  11. Borglund, E., & Engvall, T. (2014). Open data? Data, information, document or record? Records Management Journal, 24(2), 163–180.Google Scholar
  12. Breitman, K., Salas, P., Casanova, M. A., Saraiva, D., Gama, V., Viterbo, J. … Chaves, M. (2012). Open government data in Brazil. IEEE Intelligent Systems, 27(3), 45–49.Google Scholar
  13. Brunswicker, S., Majchrzak, A., Almirall, E., & Tee, R. (2018). Cocreating value from open data: From incentivizing developers to inducing cocreation in open data innovation ecosystems. In World Scientific Book Chapters (pp. 141–162).Google Scholar
  14. Caldow, J. (2002). Seven e-government milestones. In Delivering the Vision (pp. 35–56). Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Chan, M. (2018). Digital communications and psychological well-being across the life span: Examining the intervening roles of social capital and civic engagement. Telematics and Informatics, 35(6), 1744–1754.Google Scholar
  16. Charalabidis, Y., Zuiderwijk, A., Alexopoulos, C., Janssen, M., Lampoltshammer, T., & Ferro, E. (2018). Open data evaluation models: Theory and practice. In The World of Open Data (pp. 137–172). Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  17. Chen, W., & Reese, S. D. (Eds.). (2015). Networked China: Global dynamics of digital media and civic engagement: New agendas in communication. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Coglianese, C. (2009). The transparency president? The Obama administration and open government. Governance, 22(4), 529–544.Google Scholar
  19. Concilio, G., Molinari, F., & Morelli, N. (2017, May). Empowering citizens with open data by urban hackathons. In 2017 Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government (CeDEM) (pp. 125–134). IEEE.Google Scholar
  20. Conradie, P., & Choenni, S. (2014). On the barriers for local government releasing open data. Government Information Quarterly, 31, 10–17.Google Scholar
  21. Craveiro, G. S., Santana, M. T., & Albuquerque, J. P. (2013). Assessing open government budgetary data in Brazil. Paper presented at the ICDS 2013, The Seventh International Conference on Digital Society, Nice, France, March 1, 2013.Google Scholar
  22. Criado, J. I., Sandoval-Almazan, R., & Gil-Garcia, J. R. (2013). Government innovation through social media. Government Information Quarterly, 30(4), 319–326.Google Scholar
  23. Das Aundhe, M., & Narasimhan, R. (2016). Public private partnership (PPP) outcomes in e-government–a social capital explanation. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 29(7), 638–658.Google Scholar
  24. Davies, T. G. (2014). Open data policies and practice: An international comparison. Accessed December 4, 2017 from http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2492520.
  25. Davies, T., Perini, F., & Alonso, J. M. (2013). Researching the emerging impacts of open data: ODDC conceptual framework. Open Data in Developing Countries, Working Paper, 1.Google Scholar
  26. Downs, A. (2016). Addressing the open data mandate from the White House’s office of science and technology: What does it mean for the USDA’s economics, statistics and market information system?Google Scholar
  27. Esteve Casellas Serra, L. (2014). The mapping, selecting and opening of data: The records management contribution to the Open Data project in Girona City Council. Records Management Journal, 24(2), 87–98.Google Scholar
  28. Faraj, S., & Johnson, S. L. (2011). Network exchange patterns in online communities. Organization Science, 22(6), 1464–1480.Google Scholar
  29. Fountain, J. E. (2004). Building the virtual state: Information technology and institutional change. Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
  30. Gascó-Hernández, M., Martin, E. G., Reggi, L., Pyo, S., & Luna-Reyes, L. F. (2018). Promoting the use of open government data: Cases of training and engagement. Government Information Quarterly, 35(2), 233–242.Google Scholar
  31. Giddens, A. (1984). The constitution of society: Outline of the theory of structuration. California: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  32. Gil de Zúñiga, H., Veenstra, A., Vraga, E., & Shah, D. (2010). Digital democracy: Reimagining pathways to political participation. Journal of Information Technology & Politics, 7(1), 36–51.Google Scholar
  33. Gurin, J. (2014). Open data now: The secret to hot startups, smart investing, savvy marketing, and fast innovation. New York: McGraw Hill Professional.Google Scholar
  34. Harrison, T. M., Guerrero, S., Burke, G. B., Cook, M., Cresswell, A., Helbig, N. … Pardo, T. (2012a). Open government and e-government: Democratic challenges from a public value perspective. Information Polity, 17(2), 83–97.Google Scholar
  35. Harrison, T. M., Pardo, T. A., & Cook, M. (2012b). Creating open government ecosystems: A research and development agenda. Future Internet, 4(4), 900–928.Google Scholar
  36. Hartung, C., Lerer, A., Anokwa, Y., Tseng, C., Brunette, W., & Borriello, G. (2010, December). Open data kit: Tools to build information services for developing regions. In Proceedings of the 4th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development (p. 18). ACM.Google Scholar
  37. Hassan, S., & Gil-Garcia, J. R. (2008). Institutional theory and e-government research. Handbook of research on public information technology, 1.Google Scholar
  38. Helbing, D., & Klauser, S. (2019). How to make democracy work in the digital age. In Towards Digital Enlightenment (pp. 157–162). Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  39. Hendler, J., Holm, J., Musialek, C., & Thomas, G. (2012). US government linked open data: Semantic.data.gov. IEEE Intelligent Systems, 27(3), 25–31.Google Scholar
  40. Hossain, M. A., Dwivedi, Y. K., & Rana, N. P. (2016). State-of-the-art in open data research: Insights from existing literature and a research agenda. Journal of organizational computing and electronic commerce, 26(1–2), 14–40.Google Scholar
  41. Hui, G., & Hayllar, M. R. (2010). Creating public value in e-Government: A public-private-citizen collaboration framework in Web 2.0. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 69, 120–131.Google Scholar
  42. Huijboom, N., & Van den Broek, T. (2011). Open data: An international comparison of strategies. European Journal of ePractice, 12(1), 1–13.Google Scholar
  43. Hunnius, S., Krieger, B., & Schuppan, T. (2014, September). Providing, guarding, shielding: Open government data in Spain and Germany. In 2014 EGPA Annual Conference, September 10–12, 2014 in Speyer, Germany.Google Scholar
  44. Janssen, K. (2011). The influence of the PSI directive on open government data: An overview of recent developments. Government Information Quarterly, 28(4), 446–456.Google Scholar
  45. Janssen, M., & Zuiderwijk, A. (2012, May). Open data and transformational government. In Transforming Government Workshop. Brunel University, United Kingdom.Google Scholar
  46. Janssen, M., Charalabidis, Y., & Zuiderwijk, A. (2012). Benefits, adoption barriers and myths of open data and open government. Information Systems Management, 29(4), 258–268.Google Scholar
  47. Janssen, M., Matheus, R., & Zuiderwijk, A. (2015, August). Big and open linked data (BOLD) to create smart cities and citizens: Insights from smart energy and mobility cases. In International Conference on Electronic Government (pp. 79–90). Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  48. Kassen, M. (2013). A promising phenomenon of open data: A case study of the Chicago open data project. Government Information Quarterly, 30(4), 508–513.Google Scholar
  49. Kassen, M. (2017). Understanding transparency of government from a Nordic perspective: Open government and open data movement as a multidimensional collaborative phenomenon in Sweden. Journal of Global Information Technology Management, 20(4), 236–275.Google Scholar
  50. Kassen, M. (2018a). Open data and its intermediaries: A cross-country perspective on participatory movement among independent developers. Knowledge Management Research & Practice, 16(3), 327–342.Google Scholar
  51. Kassen, M. (2018b). Open data and its institutional ecosystems: A comparative cross-jurisdictional analysis of open data platforms. Canadian Public Administration, 61(1), 109–129.Google Scholar
  52. Kitchin, R. (2014). The data revolution: Big data, open data, data infrastructures and their consequences. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  53. Kornberger, M., Meyer, R. E., Brandtner, C., & Höllerer, M. A. (2017). When bureaucracy meets the crowd: Studying “open government” in the Vienna City Administration. Organization Studies, 38(2), 179–200.Google Scholar
  54. Krimmer, R. (2012). The evolution of e-voting: Why voting technology is used and how it affects democracy (Doctoral Theses Series I: Social Sciences). Tallinn University of Technology, 19.Google Scholar
  55. Lassinantti, J., Bergvall-Kåreborn, B., & Ståhlbröst, A. (2014). Shaping local open data initiatives: Politics and implications. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research, 9(2), 17–33.Google Scholar
  56. Lathrop, D., & Ruma, L. (2010). Open government: Collaboration, transparency, and participation in practice. MA: O’Reilly Media Inc.Google Scholar
  57. Lee, G., & Kwak, Y. H. (2012). An open government maturity model for social media-based public engagement. Government Information Quarterly, 29(4), 492–503.Google Scholar
  58. Linders, D. (2013). Towards open development: Leveraging open data to improve the planning and coordination of international aid. Government Information Quarterly, 30(4), 426–434.Google Scholar
  59. Liu, X., Song, Y., Wu, K., Wang, J., Li, D., & Long, Y. (2015). Understanding urban China with open data. Cities, 47, 53–61.Google Scholar
  60. Long, Y., Zhai, W., Shen, Y., & Ye, X. (2018). Understanding uneven urban expansion with natural cities using open data. Landscape and Urban Planning, 177, 281–293.Google Scholar
  61. Mahrer, H., & Krimmer, R. (2005). Towards the enhancement of e-democracy: Identifying the notion of the ‘middleman paradox’. Information Systems Journal, 15(1), 27–42.Google Scholar
  62. Mandarano, L., Meenar, M., & Steins, C. (2010). Building social capital in the digital age of civic engagement. Journal of Planning Literature, 25(2), 123–135.Google Scholar
  63. Martin, S., Foulonneau, M., Turki, S., & Ihadjadene, M. (2013, June). Open data: Barriers, risks and opportunities. In Proceedings of the 13th European Conference on eGovernment: ECEG (pp. 301–309).Google Scholar
  64. McDermott, P. (2010). Building open government. Government Information Quarterly, 27(4), 401–413.Google Scholar
  65. Medaglia, R., Hedman, J., & Eaton, B. (2017). Public-private collaboration in the emergence of a national electronic identification policy: The case of NemID in Denmark.Google Scholar
  66. Meijer, R., Conradie, P., & Choenni, S. (2014). Reconciling contradictions of open data regarding transparency, privacy, security and trust. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research, 9(3), 32–44.Google Scholar
  67. Monino, J. L., Sedkaoui, S., & Lozzino, A. (2016). Big data, open data and data development (Vol. 3). Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  68. Morin, P. (2013). Open data structures: An introduction (Vol. 2). Canada: Athabasca University Press.Google Scholar
  69. Mossberger, K., & Tolbert, C. J. (2010). Digital democracy: How politics online is changing electoral participation. In The Oxford handbook of American elections and political behavior. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  70. Mouromtsev, D., & d’Aquin, M. (Eds.). (2016). Open data for education: Linked, shared, and reusable data for teaching and learning (Vol. 9500). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  71. Nam, T. (2012). Citizens’ attitudes toward open government and government 2.0. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 78(2), 346–368.Google Scholar
  72. Nugroho, R. P., Zuiderwijk, A., Janssen, M., & de Jong, M. (2015). A comparison of national open data policies: Lessons learned. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 9(3), 286–308.Google Scholar
  73. Obama, B. (2009). Transparency and open government. Memorandum for the heads of executive departments and agencies. The White House. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  74. Pawlowski, J. M., Bick, M., Peinl, R., Thalmann, S., Maier, R., Hetmank, D. W. I. L. … Pirkkalainen, H. (2014). Social knowledge environments. Business & Information Systems Engineering, 6(2), 81–88.Google Scholar
  75. Puron-Cid, G. (2013). Interdisciplinary application of structuration theory for e-government: A case study of an IT-enabled budget reform. Government Information Quarterly, 30, S46–S58.Google Scholar
  76. Rohunen, A., Markkula, J., Heikkila, M., & Heikkila, J. (2014). Open traffic data for future service innovation: Addressing the privacy challenges of driving data. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research, 9(3), 71–89.Google Scholar
  77. Roy, J. (2016). Data, dialogue, and innovation: Opportunities and challenges for “Open Government” in Canada. Journal of Innovation Management, 4(1), 22–38.Google Scholar
  78. Safarov, I., Meijer, A., & Grimmelikhuijsen, S. (2017). Utilization of open government data: A systematic literature review of types, conditions, effects and users. Information Polity, 22(1), 1–24.Google Scholar
  79. Saxby, S., & Hill, C. (2012). Public sector information and open data: Which way forward for the UK? International Journal of Public Law and Policy, 2(3), 299–333.Google Scholar
  80. Saxena, S. (2017). Open data in Israel, Georgia and Uzbekistan: Nature and scope. Information and Learning Science, 118(7/8), 406–419.Google Scholar
  81. Saxena, S. (2018). Open government data (OGD) in six Middle East countries: An evaluation of the national open data portals. Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, 20(4).Google Scholar
  82. Shadbolt, N., O’Hara, K., Berners-Lee, T., Gibbins, N., Glaser, H., & Hall, W. (2012). Linked open government data: Lessons from data.gov.uk. IEEE Intelligent Systems, 27(3), 16–24.Google Scholar
  83. Sharma, S. (2007). Exploring best practices in public–private partnership (PPP) in e-Government through select Asian case studies. The International Information & Library Review, 39(3–4), 203–210.Google Scholar
  84. Sieber, R. E., & Johnson, P. A. (2015). Civic open data at a crossroads: Dominant models and current challenges. Government Information Quarterly, 32(3), 308–315.Google Scholar
  85. Sivarajah, U., Weerakkody, V., Waller, P., Lee, H., Irani, Z., Choi, Y. … Glikman, Y. (2016). The role of e-participation and open data in evidence-based policy decision making in local government. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 26(1–2), 64–79.Google Scholar
  86. Smith, A. (2013). Civic engagement in the digital age. Pew Research Center, 25, 307–332.Google Scholar
  87. Styrin, E., Luna-Reyes, L. F., & Harrison, T. M. (2017). Open data ecosystems: An international comparison. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 11(1), 132–156.Google Scholar
  88. Tolbert, C. J., Mossberger, K., & McNeal, R. (2008). Institutions, policy innovation, and E-Government in the American States. Public Administration Review, 68(3), 549–563.Google Scholar
  89. Ubaldi, B. (2013). Open government data. Accessed December 4, 2017 from http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/governance/open-government-data_5k46bj4f03s7-en.
  90. Wang, H. J., & Lo, J. (2016). Adoption of open government data among government agencies. Government Information Quarterly, 33(1), 80–88.Google Scholar
  91. Whitmore, A. (2014). Using open government data to predict war: A case study of data and systems challenges. Government Information Quarterly, 31(4), 622–630.Google Scholar
  92. Zimmermann, H. D., & Pucihar, A. (2015). Open innovation, open data and new business models. In Open Data and New Business Models, September 1, 2015.Google Scholar
  93. Zuiderwijk, A., & Janssen, M. (2013, September). A coordination theory perspective to improve the use of open data in policy-making. In International Conference on Electronic Government (pp. 38–49). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  94. Zuiderwijk, A., & Janssen, M. (2014a). Barriers and development directions for the publication and usage of open data: A socio-technical view. In Open Government (pp. 115–135). New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar
  95. Zuiderwijk, A., & Janssen, M. (2014b). Open data policies, their implementation and impact: A framework for comparison. Government Information Quarterly, 31(1), 17–29.Google Scholar
  96. Zuiderwijk, A., & Janssen, M. (2014c). The negative effects of open government data-investigating the dark side of open data. In Proceedings of the 15th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research (pp. 147–152). ACM.Google Scholar
  97. Zuiderwijk, A., Janssen, M., & Dwivedi, Y. K. (2015). Acceptance and use predictors of open data technologies: Drawing upon the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology. Government Information Quarterly, 32(4), 429–440.Google Scholar
  98. Zuiderwijk, A., Janssen, M., & Parnia, A. (2013, June). The complementarity of open data infrastructures: An analysis of functionalities. In Proceedings of the 14th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research (pp. 166–171). ACM.Google Scholar
  99. Zuiderwijk, A., Janssen, M., Choenni, S., Meijer, R., & Alibaks, R. S. (2012). Socio-technical Impediments of Open Data. Electronic Journal of e-Government, 10(2).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Eurasian Humanities InstituteAstanaKazakhstan

Personalised recommendations