Reflection: Autonomous Learning, Activities and Questions

  • Gerry O’ReillyEmail author
Part of the Key Challenges in Geography book series (KCHGE)


Individual autonomous and group learning is encouraged helping the reader to reflect on the ideas and themes that have been covered. The reader can dip in and out of the different activities covered in Parts 1, 2 and 3 of Aligning geopolitics, humanitarian action and geography in times of conflict.


Autonomous Group Learning Reflect Ideas Themes Activities 


  1. Chomsky N (1989) Necessary illusions: thought control in democratic societies. South End Press.
  2. Herman ES, Chomsky N (1988) Manufacturing consent: The political economy of the mass media. Pantheon Books, NYGoogle Scholar
  3. McManus R (2016) Population, vulnerability and humanitarian crises. Geogr Viewpoint—J Assoc Geogr Teach Ireland 42–43:8–14Google Scholar
  4. Olsen GR, Carstensen N, Høyen K (29 May 2003) Humanitarian crises: what determines the level of emergency assistance? Media coverage, donor interests and the aid business. Wiley Online Library.
  5. Robinson P (2000) The policy-media interaction model: measuring media power during humanitarian crisis. J Peace Res 37(5):613–633. 1 Sept 2000. (Sage Publications).
  6. UNESCO (2017) Media in crisis and disaster situations.
  7. Wempel E (11 November 2017) President Trump suggests it’s fake news that he watches ‘fake news’. The Washington Post.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of History and Geography, St. Patrick’s CampusDublin City UniversityDublinIreland

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