Limiting the Impact of Statistics as a Proverbial Source of Falsehood
This paper presents an early version of a decision-making “eco” system. We refer to it as an “eco” system because it is primarily based on mathematical logic and combines concepts and principles from the fields of statistics, decision theory, artificial intelligence and modeling of human behavior. The primary goal of the proposed approach is to address errors that occur resulting from the misuse of statistical methods. In practice, such errors often occur either owning to the use of inappropriate statistical methods or wrong interpretations of results. The proposed approach relies on the LPwNF (Logic Programming without Negation as Failure) framework of non-monotonic reasoning as provided by Gorgias. The proposed system enables automatic selection of the appropriate statistical method, based on the characteristics of the problem and the sample. The expected impact could be twofold: it can enhance the use of statistical systems like R and, combined with a Java-based interface to Gorgias, make non-monotonic reasoning easy to use in the proposed context.
KeywordsGorgias Decision theory Mathematical logic Information AI Health care
This research is funded in the context of the project “MIS5005844” under the call for proposals “Supporting researchers with emphasis on new researchers” (EDULLL 34). The project is co-financed by Greece and the European Union (European Social Fund-ESF) by the Operational Programme Human Resources Development, Education and Lifelong Learning 2014–2020.
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