Transparency Driven Public Sector Innovation: Smart Waterways and Maritime Traffic in Finland

  • Vaida MeskauskieneEmail author
  • Anssi Öörni
  • Anna Sell
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 341)


Finland is set to take the lead in developing maritime digitalization and autonomous shipping. This transformation rests on transparency efforts by Finnish government, characterized by participatory democracy and co-creation of services in public sector, the end of innovation deficit in public services through introduction of dedicated innovation budgets and open data movement for re-usability purposes. The research employs action research methodology and aims to analyse two forms of transparency driven innovation that took place during 2016–2018 as part of waterway digitalisation initiative by Finnish Transport Agency: ‘Open Data Innovation’ as opening up government processes and data and ‘Open Door Innovation’ approach as transforming service delivery. Both approaches initially resulted in number of innovative services, unintended consequences occurred in later stages of digitalization phase due to the lack of interest from businesses and greater public. We conclude with lessons learned and share recommendations for government to succeed in digitalizing one of the most conservative industries.


Transparency Public sector innovation Smart government Open data Digitalisation Maritime industry 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Information SystemsÅbo Akademi UniversityTurkuFinland

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