Asserting the Principle of Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) in Sub-Saharan Africa in the Extractive Industry Sector

  • Pacifique ManirakizaEmail author
Part of the Interdisciplinary Studies in Human Rights book series (CHREN, volume 3)


The extractive industry sector is booming in Africa due to the increasing demand for natural resources worldwide, especially in the West. However, the extractive industry does not necessarily contribute to improve the lives of local communities or to ensure economic growth and development. To the contrary, it dangerously and negatively impacts on communities. In practice, the latter are not yet full participants in the decision-making process, since they are not given a genuine opportunity to provide input on projects, which are basically negotiated and signed by governments and extractive corporations. The book chapter explores the principle of Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), as a tool for affected local communities to articulate their interests and voice their concerns on extractive projects. Although the principle is well-known as a right belonging to indigenous peoples, the argument of this chapter suggests that it should also apply to non-indigenous affected communities without necessarily implying a right to veto extractive projects. Locating FPIC in the human rights resistance theory, the chapter posits that it can help alleviate, resist, balance and overcome persisting asymmetries in power relations between local communities, governments and extractive corporations.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Ottawa, Faculty of LawOttawaCanada

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