Imaging of Infectious Arthropathies in Children

  • Sergio Lopes Viana
  • Maria Custódia Machado Ribeiro
  • Bruno Beber Machado


Osteoarticular infection in children often poses a diagnostic challenge, so much greater as the younger is the patient. Although joint aspiration remains indispensable for definitive diagnosis of septic arthritis (as well as tissue biopsy and/or culture data for tuberculous arthritis), imaging is a valuable tool in the workup of these patients. No matter the etiologic agent, early and accurate definition of the infectious origin of the arthritis is paramount in order to minimize structural damage and avoid complications and long-term sequelae. This chapter addresses the articular component of peripheral musculoskeletal infections, namely, pyogenic and tuberculous arthritis, together with the imaging features of transient synovitis of the hip, one of the most important differential diagnoses to consider in daily practice. Spinal infection is part of the subject matter of Chap.  12.


Imaging Joints Radiology Children Adolescents Pediatrics Radiographs X-rays Ultrasonography Computed tomography Magnetic resonance imaging Infectious arthritis Pyogenic arthritis Bacterial arthritis Tuberculous arthritis Transient synovitis of the hip Infection Arthritis Synovitis Tenosynovitis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Lopes Viana
    • 1
  • Maria Custódia Machado Ribeiro
    • 2
  • Bruno Beber Machado
    • 3
  1. 1.Hospital da Criança de Brasília José Alencar, Hospital Ortopédico e Medicina Especializada (HOME) and Diagnóstico Clínica de Imagens MédicasBrasíliaBrazil
  2. 2.Hospital da Criança de Brasília José AlencarBrasíliaBrazil
  3. 3.Gastren Clínica Médica e Radiológica (Iúna-ES), Clínica Radiológica Med Imagem, Clínica Radiológica Radial, Santa Casa de Misericórdia and Unimed Sul CapixabaCachoeiro de ItapemirimBrazil

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