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Imaging of Selected Dysplastic and Developmental Abnormalities of the Immature Joint

  • Sergio Lopes Viana
  • Maria Custódia Machado Ribeiro
  • Bruno Beber Machado
Chapter

Abstract

Developmental abnormalities and skeletal dysplasias comprise one of the most controversial, extensive, and complex subjects in pediatrics. This miscellaneous chapter provides a concise review of imaging findings in selected conditions that are particularly prone to affect the immature joint. This selection is inevitably arbitrary and includes non-related abnormalities of the bones and soft tissues, based mostly in their frequency, clinical relevance, importance for the differential diagnosis, and potential impact of imaging for diagnosis and management. Pseudotumoral articular and periarticular conditions (such as focal fibrocartilaginous dysplasia and dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica) are discussed in Chap.  7.

Keywords

Imaging Joints Radiology Children Adolescents Pediatrics Radiographs X-rays Ultrasonography Computed tomography Magnetic resonance imaging Madelung deformity Vickers ligament Proximal femoral focal deficiency Developmental dysplasia of the hip Dorsal defect of the patella Transient lateral patellar dislocation Patellofemoral instability Popliteal cyst Baker’s cyst Discoid meniscus Blount disease Freiberg disease Freiberg infraction Tarsal coalition Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Lopes Viana
    • 1
  • Maria Custódia Machado Ribeiro
    • 2
  • Bruno Beber Machado
    • 3
  1. 1.Hospital da Criança de Brasília José Alencar, Hospital Ortopédico e Medicina Especializada (HOME) and Diagnóstico Clínica de Imagens MédicasBrasíliaBrazil
  2. 2.Hospital da Criança de Brasília José AlencarBrasíliaBrazil
  3. 3.Gastren Clínica Médica e Radiológica (Iúna-ES), Clínica Radiológica Med Imagem, Clínica Radiológica Radial, Santa Casa de Misericórdia and Unimed Sul CapixabaCachoeiro de ItapemirimBrazil

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