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Imaging Assessment of the Pediatric Spine: Selected Topics

  • Sergio Lopes Viana
  • Maria Custódia Machado Ribeiro
  • Bruno Beber Machado
Chapter

Abstract

Several diseases may affect the spine of children and adolescents, some of them inherent to skeletally immature patients, such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, “idiopathic” pediatric intervertebral disc calcification, and Scheuermann disease, while others are not specific of the pediatric age group but present peculiarities when children are affected, such as spondylolysis and spinal infection. Awareness of the imaging appearance of these conditions is paramount to the differential diagnosis and to guide therapeutic decision-making. Some other musculoskeletal disorders that present spinal involvement in children are discussed elsewhere in this book and are not included in this chapter.

Keywords

Imaging Joints Radiology Children Adolescents Pediatrics Radiographs X-rays Ultrasonography Computed tomography Magnetic resonance imaging Spine Juvenile idiopathic arthritis Arthritis Synovitis Spondylodiscitis Tuberculosis Pott disease Spinal infection Spondylolysis Scheuermann disease Disc calcification 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Lopes Viana
    • 1
  • Maria Custódia Machado Ribeiro
    • 2
  • Bruno Beber Machado
    • 3
  1. 1.Hospital da Criança de Brasília José Alencar, Hospital Ortopédico e Medicina Especializada (HOME) and Diagnóstico Clínica de Imagens MédicasBrasíliaBrazil
  2. 2.Hospital da Criança de Brasília José AlencarBrasíliaBrazil
  3. 3.Gastren Clínica Médica e Radiológica (Iúna-ES), Clínica Radiológica Med Imagem, Clínica Radiológica Radial, Santa Casa de Misericórdia and Unimed Sul CapixabaCachoeiro de ItapemirimBrazil

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