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Hypothalamic: Pituitary Dysfunction as a Late Effect of Childhood Cancer, Brain Tumors, and Their Treatments

  • Wassim ChemaitillyEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Contemporary Endocrinology book series (COE)

Abstract

Hypothalamic pituitary (HP) dysfunction is frequently observed in survivors of childhood cancer and brain tumors. The main risk factors are tumor growth and/or surgery or radiotherapy involving the HP region. Radiation-induced HP dysfunction most frequently occurs as a late effect, months to years after the completion of cancer/tumor therapy. Systematic assessments where CCS are periodically screened based on their cancer/tumor treatment history allow the early diagnosis and treatment of this condition and can potentially ameliorate long-term health outcomes.

Keywords

Childhood cancer survivor Endocrine late effects Endocrine complications Radiotherapy late effects Chemotherapy late effects 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of EndocrinologySt. Jude Children’s Research HospitalMemphisUSA

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