Anatomy and Clinical Physiology of the Organs of Equilibrium

  • Pedro Luiz Mangabeira Albernaz
  • Francisco Zuma e Maia
  • Sergio Carmona
  • Renato Valério Rodrigues Cal
  • Guillermo Zalazar


This chapter discusses the anatomy and physiology of the inner ear, with emphasis on the vestibular organs and functions, and the vestibular pathways in the central nervous system. An operational model of the vestibular system is included, exploring the mechanisms that are particularly relevant to its clinical evaluation. It must be taken into consideration that the new neurotology is essentially derived from the advances in neurophysiological knowledge.


Vestibular system Anatomy Neurophysiology 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro Luiz Mangabeira Albernaz
    • 1
  • Francisco Zuma e Maia
    • 2
  • Sergio Carmona
    • 3
  • Renato Valério Rodrigues Cal
    • 4
  • Guillermo Zalazar
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyAlbert Einstein Hospital São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Otology / NeurotologyClínica MaiaCanoasBrazil
  3. 3.NeurotologyFundación San Lucas para la NeurocienciaRosárioArgentina
  4. 4.Curso de MedicinaCentro Universitário do ParáBelémBrazil
  5. 5.Department of Neurology in Hospital de San LuisFundación San Lucas para la NeurocienciaRosarioArgentina

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