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Hydrocarbon Gases Quality: Impact on Sustainable Development Goals and Environment

  • Vasyl MotaloEmail author
  • Bogdan Stadnyk
  • Andriy Motalo
  • Ihor Likhnovsky
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 198)

Abstract

Hydrocarbon gases are an important energy resource of the world economy. In most European countries, the share of hydrocarbon gases in the energy balance is 20–22%. Rising worldwide demand has resulted in a rapid increase in international trading of natural gas. On the other hand, hydrocarbon gases are an expensive source of energy as well as hazardous to the environment. This attracts attention to gas quality in terms of energy efficiency and environmental protection. In particular, the question of the impact of the quality of hydrocarbon gases on sustainable development goals—economic development that is conducted without depletion of natural resources is relevant. The issues discussed in this article are related to the main problems of the modern qualimetry of hydrocarbon gases, that is, of the methodology of evaluation of the quality of hydrocarbon gases. The theoretical, practical and normative-legal tasks of estimating the quality of various types of hydrocarbon gases—natural gas (NG), liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)—are described and analyzed. The generalized definition of the notion of hydrocarbon gases quality is given. A separate analysis of the gas quality indexes is carried out. The method of determining of the natural gas quality level as an energy source is developed. The method is based on the methodology of the qualimetrical measurement. This allows taking into account the influence of the component composition of a gas and all its physical and chemical properties on the gas calorific value and the energy content in it.

Keywords

Hydrocarbon gases Energy efficiency Sustainable development Environment Qualimetry Properties of hydrocarbon gases Quality level of natural gas 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by scientific developments performed at the Information-Measurement Technologies Department of the Lviv Polytechnic National University in Ukraine within the state budget research work: “Theoretical and practical problems of qualimetry” (registration number 20107U008807), “Theoretical and practical problems of qualimetrical measurement” (registration number 0110U004694) and “Theoretical and applied problems of measurement in qualimetry” (registration number 0116U004107).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vasyl Motalo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bogdan Stadnyk
    • 1
  • Andriy Motalo
    • 2
  • Ihor Likhnovsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Information-Measurement Technologies DepartmentLviv Polytechnic National UniversityLvivUkraine
  2. 2.Gas Production Division LvivGasVydobuvannyaLvivUkraine

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