Evolution of a Partnership: Social Science and National Security Policy
This chapter describes the emergence of a symbiotic relationship between social scientists and policy-makers in the twentieth century, tracing the relationship from World War I to the Cold War. The chapter highlights some institutions that sustained the collaboration and examines some of the controversies surrounding it. The chapter shows why social scientists sought to model their work on the natural sciences as a way to overcome their reformist reputation inherited from the Progressive Era which tended to lay a basis for a conflicted identity, splitting the social sciences into scientific and humanist wings. The chapter outlines the three mechanisms by which social science theory enters into national security policy.