Climate Change and Energy Dynamics with Solutions: A Case Study in Egypt
In general, the normal climate of the Middle East is mainly dry and hot with mild winter and little rain. Due to climate change, the Middle East countries are facing extreme heat, draught, and conditions of aridity. As a result of this, there is a problem of electricity and power generation in the Middle East countries. One way to address this challenge is to increase generation capacity from renewable resources without using conventional way of generation. Renewable resources like solar and wind can easily mitigate the problems related to power generation, as coal will extinct in due course of time and level of water is being highly affected due to climate change. So our goal is to model and simulate a hybrid power system based on renewable energy sources which may solve the problems regarding the power generation due to climate change. Many research works have been done regarding the power generation and how it gets affected by climate change. The use of renewable energy will be able to mitigate climate change if certain aspects are taken into account. The uses of renewable energy predominate in order to tackle the problems regarding power generation due to climate change. Thus in this chapter, we have discussed about the cause for the climate change and the effect of generating power from renewable resource on climate change. We have also modeled, simulated, and optimized a hybrid power system based on renewable energy on a Middle East country. This simulation and optimization will able to know how efficiently the hybrid system will work on those areas and what will be the cost for generation. Moreover, the hybrid power system will be strategically designed in such a way that there will be less emission of carbon, which is one of the main reasons for climate change. In this chapter we have conducted optimization and case studies analysis taking the real-time data in terms of renewable energy, and we assume an average electric load data for our study. Optimization of the hybrid model using those real-time data will give an idea about to what extent there will be the generation of power, the actual cost that will be required to set up the hybrid power plant, and most importantly the per unit cost of energy consumption.
KeywordsOptimization Hybrid power system Middle East country Grid Solar power plant Wind farm Egypt Energy dynamics Climate change
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