Cannot Find Internal Opening of Fistula-in-Ano

  • Daniel L. FeingoldEmail author
  • J. Mark Kiely


This chapter reviews options when the internal opening of the fistula-in-ano cannot be located.


Internal opening Fistula-in-ano Location 

Suggested Reading

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    Garg P, Singh P, Kaur B. Magnetic resonance imaging: operative findings correlation in 229 fistula-in-ano patients. World J Surg. 2017;41:1618–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Vogel JD, Johnson EK, Morris AM, Paquette IM, Saclarides TJ, Feingold DL, Steele SR. Clinical practice guideline for the management of anorectal abscess, fistula-in-ano, and rectovaginal fistula. Dis Colon Rectum. 2016;59:1117–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of SurgeryColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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