State-Affine Normal Forms

  • Pauline BernardEmail author
Part of the Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences book series (LNCIS, volume 479)


The standard state-affine normal forms are presented. We dissociate the ones having a stationary linear part for which a simple Luenberger observer can be used, and the ones having a time-varying linear part for which a Kalman design with a time-varying gain is necessary.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical, Electronic, and Information Engineering “Guglielmo Marconi”University of BolognaBolognaItaly

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