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Biodiversity in Inland Waters

  • Javier AlcocerEmail author
  • Verónica Aguilar-Sierra
Chapter

Abstract

Mexico is considered a megadiverse country; it is one of the few countries that possess 70% of the vertebrate and vascular plant species worldwide; however, little is known about the diversity of Mexican freshwaters, and it is unknown if these ecosystems present the same trend of high biodiversity that terrestrial communities show. The present chapter provides an insight on the biodiversity in inland waters of Mexico through first introducing the regionalizations and inventories at different scales that have been done to identify those areas or sites in which important ecological and evolutionary phenomena occur, including biodiversity and endemisms, and, second, compiling the scattered information available on lentic, lotic, and wetland biodiversity of Mexico and illustrating this by particular cases (water bodies and ecosystems) worth mentioning.

Keywords

Freshwater biodiversity Priority sites for conservation Environmental policy instruments Systematic conservation planning Endemic species Species richness Lakes Rivers Wetlands 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Grupo de Investigación en Limnología Tropical, FES Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoTlalnepantlaMexico
  2. 2.Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad (CONABIO)TlalpanMexico

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