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Biorefinery pp 153-165 | Cite as

Lignocellulosic Thermochemical Pretreatment Processes

  • Iwona CybulskaEmail author
  • Tanmay Chaturvedi
  • Mette Hedegaard Thomsen
Chapter

Abstract

Lignocellulosic biomass shows an enormous potential for being a biorefinery substrate, as it is complex, abundant, accessible, and inexpensive. Its complex structure is both an advantage providing an opportunity to produce energy and value-added chemicals and a disadvantage creating a need for additional pretreatment processing. Many pretreatment methods have been developed within the last century, and some of them have been significantly improved over the last decade. The most promising methods of lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment are hydrothermal treatment and organosolv fractionation, as these are the only thermochemical processes with proven commercial and environmental feasibility, still operating to this day. Therefore, these two processes have been discussed in this chapter to demonstrate the mechanisms of lignocellulose pretreatment.

Keywords

Lignocellulose Thermochemical pretreatments Lignocellulosic biomass Hydrothermal pretreatment Organosolv pretreatment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iwona Cybulska
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tanmay Chaturvedi
    • 2
  • Mette Hedegaard Thomsen
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Earth and Life InstituteUniversité Catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Energy TechnologyAalborg UniversityEsbjergDenmark

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