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Biorefinery pp 79-110 | Cite as

Pyrolysis and Gasification of Lignocellulosic Biomass

  • Maria Puig-ArnavatEmail author
  • Tobias Pape Thomsen
  • Giulia Ravenni
  • Lasse Røngaard Clausen
  • Zsuzsa Sárossy
  • Jesper Ahrenfeldt
Chapter

Abstract

In a biorefinery context, pyrolysis and gasification are especially interesting as both platforms offer high feed and product flexibility, providing the possibility to convert many different biogenic feedstocks into a wide variety of products such as heat, electricity, chemicals, transport fuels, and high-value ash and char products. However, in order to increase the utilization of biomass pyrolysis and gasification and make it commercially interesting in future energy systems, new integrated biorefinery designs with optimized thermal concepts and combinations of different technologies are required to maximize product yield and value, increase the overall process efficiency, and improve the economic viability. The present chapter provides an insight on the versatility and potential of biomass pyrolysis and gasification processes and their products. It also describes some new concepts and solutions like process integration schemes, polygeneration strategies, biochar uses, and tar abatement strategies that can help to overcome the operational challenges that the technology is facing.

Keywords

Biomass Gasification Pyrolysis Synfuel Syngas Biochar Ash Bio-oil 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Puig-Arnavat
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Tobias Pape Thomsen
    • 1
  • Giulia Ravenni
    • 1
  • Lasse Røngaard Clausen
    • 3
  • Zsuzsa Sárossy
    • 1
  • Jesper Ahrenfeldt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biochemical EngineeringTechnical University of Denmark, DTU Risø CampusRoskildeDenmark
  2. 2.Biomass Gasification Group, Chemical and Biochemical Engineering DepartmentTechnical University of DenmarkRoskildeDenmark
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Section of Thermal EnergyTechnical University of DenmarkKgs. LyngbyDenmark

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