5 Demography of Aging

  • Marc A. GarciaEmail author
  • Catherine García
  • Kyriakos Markides
Part of the Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research book series (HSSR)


Demographic changes in fertility, mortality, and migration, have had profound effects on the age-structure of many societies worldwide. These population trends in global aging require improved data and analyses to assist societies with social and economic shifts in social welfare and health care services, labor markets and retirement, technology, housing, transportation, and intergenerational relationships. With an increasingly larger share in the population of aging adults in virtually every country throughout the world, it is imperative that governments design innovative policies specifically aimed at public services to benefit aging individuals and societies. In this chapter, we provide a thorough overview of important issues related to global trends in population aging and conclude with future research directions in the demography of aging.


Global aging Population trends Life expectancy Dependency ratios Demographic transition Replacement migration 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc A. Garcia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Catherine García
    • 2
  • Kyriakos Markides
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Institute of Ethnic StudiesUniversity of NebraskaLincolnUSA
  2. 2.Leonard Davis School of GerontologyUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.University of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA

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