Cases of University Spin-Offs
University spin-offs are the object of interest of many actors in a society, due to their potential positive impacts on regional and national competitiveness, entrepreneurial culture, diffusion of innovation, creation of skilled jobs and income. These new companies, created by entrepreneurs whose knowledge was developed at a university, are now recognized as a relevant mechanism of technology transfer, turning academic knowledge into value-added goods and services, therefore contributing to economic and social development. This chapter highlights some factors that influence the performance of university spin-off firms. We analyzed eight cases of spin-offs from engineering schools of two of the three top Brazilian academic institutions: Polytechnic School of the University of São Paulo (POLI USP), and Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute for Graduate Studies and Research in Engineering of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (COPPE UFRJ).
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