Families play a significant role in the care of older adults. Some of these family carers are older adults themselves and have their own healthcare needs. This ‘informal care’ is usually provided 24 h a day and often goes unnoticed and can have detrimental effects on the mental and physical health of family carers. Health and social care services need to be mindful of this and put systems in place to support family carers. The cases presented here highlight the need for primary care services to work with other stakeholders providing health and social care services, including families in order to provide holistic care for older adults.
- 1.Hayes SL, Mann MK, Morgan FM, Kelly MJ, Weightman AL. Collaboration between local health and local government agencies for health improvement (Review). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;10:1–138.Google Scholar
- 2.Institute for Healthcare Improvement. How to improve. 2018. http://www.ihi.org/resources/Pages/HowtoImprove/ScienceofImprovementTestingChanges.aspx.
- 3.Prince M, et al. Dementia UK: update second edition report produced by King’s College London and the. London: School of Economics for the Alzheimer’s Society; 2014.Google Scholar
- 4.Alzheimer’s Society. Dementia facts for the media. https://www.alzheimers.org.uk/about-us/news-and-media/facts-media
- 5.Department of Health. Dementia: a state of the nation report on dementia care and support in England. London: Department of Health; 2013.Google Scholar
- 6.Kasteridis P, Mason AR, Goddard MK, Jacobs R, Santos R, McGonigal G. The influence of primary care quality on hospital admissions for people with dementia in England: a regression analysis. PLoS One. 2015;10(3):e0121506. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121506.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 7.Brown A, Kirichek O, Balkwill A, Reeves G, Beral V, Sudlow C, Gallacher J, Green J. Comparison of dementia recorded in routinely collected hospital admission data in England with dementia recorded in primary care. Emerg Themes Epidemiol. 2016;13:11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12982-016-0053-z.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 8.NHS Digital. Hospital accident and emergency activity. 2016–2017. https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/hospital-accident%2D%2Demergency-activity/2016-17.
- 9.NHS Digital. Hospital accident and emergency activity. 2017–2018. https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/hospital-accident%2D%2Demergency-activity/2017-18.
- 10.London Health Board. Better health for London. 2015. One year on https://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/better_health_for_london_-_one_year_on.pdf.
- 11.Waltham Forest CCG. NHS Waltham Forest CCG Commissioning Strategic Plan 2016/17–2019/20. 2016.Google Scholar
- 12.Waltham Forest Health and Wellbeing Strategy. 2016–2020. https://search3.openobjects.com/mediamanager/walthamforest/fsd/files/waltham_forest_health_and_wellbeing_strategy_2016-20_1_1.pdf.
- 15.Neto JBF. Carta Aberta à População brasileira. https://sbgg.org.br//wp-content/uploads/2014/12/R19.pdf. Accessed 19 Jan 2019.
- 17.Stern TA, et al. Massachusetts general hospital handbook of general hospital psychiatry. 6th ed. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2010.Google Scholar
- 18.Arie T. The development in Britain. In: Copeland JRM, Abou-Saleh MT, Blazer DG, editors. Principles and practice of geriatric psychiatry. Chichester: John Wiley; 1994. p. 6–10.Google Scholar
- 19.Philpot M, Banerjee S. Mental Health Services for older people in London. London’s Mental Health. London: King’s Foundation; 1996. p. 46–64.Google Scholar
- 21.Mental Health Law. Monitorul oficial al Romaniei, XIV, Nr. 589, Chapter 4. 2002.Google Scholar
- 22.Tătaru N. Chapter 20: services for people with dementia: a world wide view – Romania. In: Burns A, Ames D, O’Brien J, editors. Dementia. 3rd ed; 2005. p. 296–8.Google Scholar
- 23.Tătaru N. Chapter 6 practice of dementia care: Romania, standard in dementia care. In: Burns A, editor. EDCON. Milton Park: Taylor & Francis Group; 2005. p. 41–8.Google Scholar
- 24.World Health Organization, Division on Mental Health and Prevention of Substance Abuse and World Psychiatric Association. Management of mental and Brain Disorders-Reducing stigma and discrimination against older people with mental disorders. A Technical Consensus Statement. Geneva: WHO; 2002.Google Scholar
- 25.Polish Central Statistical Office. Size and structure of population and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division. December 31, 2014. Warsaw, Poland. 2014. Retrieved from http://stat.gov.pl/en/.
- 26.Eurostat. Mortality and life expectancy statistics. 2013. Retrieved from http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php/Mortality_and_life_expeancy_statistics.
- 27.World Health Organization. Preventing suicide. A global imperative. Geneva: WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data; 2014.Google Scholar
- 28.Polish Central Statistical Office. Suicide in 2016. September 8, 2017. Warsaw, Poland. 2017.Google Scholar