Creative Hubs and the Night-Time Economy: Convergent or Divergent?

  • Andy C. PrattEmail author
  • Tom Gill
Part of the Dynamics of Virtual Work book series (DVW)


In recent years, the night-time economy (NTE) has become ‘a thing’ for the policy community. Of course, there have always been economic activities happening at night but seldom have policy makers previously made them the focus of attention, preferring to leave them metaphorically, and actually, ‘in the dark’.


  1. Association, N. T. I. (2016). Forward into the night. London: NTIA.Google Scholar
  2. Avery, S., & Graham, K. M. (2016). Sex, time and place: Queer histories of London, C. 1850 to the present. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.Google Scholar
  3. Bianchini, F. (1995). Night cultures, night economies. Planning Practice and Research, 10(2), 121–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Breward, C., & Gilbert, D. (2006). Fashion’s world cities. Oxford: Berg.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Burrows, M. (2015). Why London’s music scene has been rocked by the death of Denmark street. The Guardian. London.Google Scholar
  6. Chatterton, P., & Hollands, R. (2003). Urban nightscapes: Youth cultures, pleasure spaces and corporate power. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Darlow, M. (2004). Independents struggle. London: Quartet.Google Scholar
  8. Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS). (1998). Creative industries mapping document. London, UK: Department of Culture, Media and Sport.Google Scholar
  9. Fayard, A.-L., & Weeks, J. (2007). Photocopiers and water-coolers: The affordances of informal interaction. Organization Studies, 28(5), 605–634.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fox, S. R. (1984). The mirror makers: A history of American advertising and its creators. Champaign: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  11. Gill, T. (2016). ‘The lid is on the pot, but every now and then the lid bounces off…and that needs to be managed’: Exploring the impact of the night time economy on a London Borough (MSc Social Policy and Planning). London School of Economics.Google Scholar
  12. Greater London Authority. (2017). Rewrite the night: The future of London’s night time economy. London: GLA.Google Scholar
  13. Green, F. (2001). It’s been a hard day’s night: The concentration and intensification of work in late twentieth century Britain. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 39(1), 53–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hadfield, P., & Davis, P. (2015). Westminster evening and night time economy: A cost benefit study for Westminster City Council. London: Westminster City Council.Google Scholar
  15. Hannerz, U. (1969). Soulside: Inquiries into ghetto culture and community. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Hannigan, J. (1998). Fantasy city: Pleasure and profit in the postmodern metropolis. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Hebdige, D. (1979). Subculture: The meaning of style. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  18. Hicklin, A. (2012). Power of the pink pound. Financial Times Wealth Magazine.Google Scholar
  19. Houlbrook, M. (2006). Queer London: Perils and pleasures in the sexual metropolis, 1918–1957. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  20. Kreitzman, L. (1999). 24 hour society. London: Profile.Google Scholar
  21. London First. (2017). London’s 24 hour economy. London: London First and EY.Google Scholar
  22. Lovatt, A. (2017). The ecstasy of urban regeneration: Regulation of the night-time economy in the transition to a post-Fordist city. In From the margins to the centre (pp. 141–168). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  23. Lovatt, A., & O’Connor, J. (1995). Cities and the night-time economy. Planning Practice Research, 10(2), 127–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Luvaas, B. (2016). Street style: An ethnography of fashion blogging. London, UK: Bloomsbury Publishing.Google Scholar
  25. Mbaye, J., & Dinardi, C. (2018). Ins and outs of the cultural polis: Informality, culture and governance in the global South. Urban Studies. Available at
  26. Michael Hall, C., & Hamon, C. (1996). Casinos and urban redevelopment in Australia. Journal of Travel Research, 34(3), 30–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Molotch, H. (1976). The city as a growth machine: Toward a political economy of place. American Journal of Sociology, 82, 309–332.Google Scholar
  28. Mort, F. (1998). Cityscapes: Consumption, masculinities and the mapping of London since 1950. Urban Studies, 35(5), 889–907.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Nachum, L., & Keeble, D. (2003). Neo-Marshallian clusters and global networks—The linkages of media firms in central London. Long Range Planning, 36(5), 459–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nixon, S. (2003). Advertising cultures: Gender, commerce, creativity. London: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. O’Connor, J., & Wynne, D. (1998). Consumption and the post-modern city. Urban Studies, 35, 841–864.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ogilvy, D., & Horgan, P. (1963). Confessions of an advertising man. New York: Atheneum.Google Scholar
  33. Pratt, A. C. (2000). New media, the new economy and new spaces. Geoforum, 31(4), 425–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Pratt, A. C. (2006). Advertising and creativity, a governance approach: A case study of creative agencies in London. Environment and Planning A, 38(10), 1883–1899.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Pratt, A. C. (2009). Urban regeneration: From the arts ‘feel good’ factor to the cultural economy. A case study of Hoxton, London. Urban Studies, 46(5–6), 1041–1061.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Pratt, A. C. (2011). Microclustering of the media industries in London. In C. Karlsson & R. G. Picard (Eds.), Media clusters (pp. 120–135). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  37. Pratt, A. C. (2018a). Gentrification, artists and the cultural economy. In L. Lees & M. Philips (Eds.), Handbook of gentrification studies (pp. 346–362). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  38. Pratt, A. C. (2018b). Making space for culture and well-being in the city. In C. Boyko & R. Cooper (Eds.), Designing future cities for well-being. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  39. Pratt, A. C., & Gornostaeva, G. (2009). The governance of innovation in the film and television industry: A case study of London, UK. In A. C. Pratt & P. Jeffcutt (Eds.), Creativity, innovation and the cultural economy (pp. 119–136). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  40. Pratt, A. C., & Jeffcutt, P. (2009). Creativity, innovation and the cultural economy: Snake oil for the 21st century? In A. C. Pratt & P. Jeffcutt (Eds.), Creativity, innovation in the cultural economy (pp. 1–20). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  41. Pratt, A. C., Gill, R. C., & Spelthann, V. (2007). Work and the city in the e-society: A critical investigation of the socio-spatially situated character of economic production in the digital content industries, UK. Information, Communication Society, 10(6), 921–941.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Quart, A. (2003). Branded: The buying and selling of teenagers. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing.Google Scholar
  43. Richardson, N. (2000). Dog days in Soho: One man’s adventures in 1950s. Bohemia: Gollancz.Google Scholar
  44. Ritzer, G., & Jurgenson, N. (2010). Production, consumption, prosumption: The nature of capitalism in the age of the digital ‘prosumer’. Journal of Consumer Culture, 10(1), 13–36.Google Scholar
  45. Roberts, M. (2015). ‘A big night out’: Young people’s drinking, social practice and spatial experience in the ‘liminoid’ zones of English night-time cities. Urban Studies, 52(3), 571–588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Roberts, M., & Eldridge, A. (2012). Planning the night-time city. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  47. Roberts, M., & Turner, C. (2005). Conflicts of liveability in the 24-hour city: Learning from 48 hours in the life of London’s Soho. Journal of Urban Design, 10, 171–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Roberts, M., Turner, C., Greenfield, S., & Osborn, G. (2006). A continental ambience? Lessons in managing alcohol-related evening and night-time entertainment from four European capitals. Urban Studies, 43(7), 1105–1125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Smith, O. (2014). Contemporary adulthood and the night-time economy. London: Springer.Google Scholar
  50. Sood, S. (2012). The cities that never sleep. BBC.Google Scholar
  51. Speiser, P. (2017). Soho: The heart of Bohemian London. London: British Library Publishing.Google Scholar
  52. Straw, W. (2001). Scenes and sensibilities. Public, 22–23, 245–257.Google Scholar
  53. Summers, J. (1989). Soho: A history of London’s most colourful neighbourhood. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.Google Scholar
  54. Talbot, D. (2004). Regulation and racial differentiation in the construction of night-time economies: A London case study. Urban Studies, 41(4), 887–901.Google Scholar
  55. Talbot, D. (2016). Regulating the night: Race, culture and exclusion in the making of the night-time economy. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  56. Talbot, D., & Böse, M. (2007). Racism, criminalization and the development of night-time economies: Two case studies in London and Manchester. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 30(1), 95–118.Google Scholar
  57. TUC. (2015). A hard day’s night: The effect of night shift work on work/life balance. London: TUC.Google Scholar
  58. Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of practice: Learning, meaning, and identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyCity, University of LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations