Transnational Policy-Making from Below
The chapter discusses the contribution of this study on policy transfer and policy change at the street-level of the implementation. It highlights practical and local knowledge sharing within the local ‘community of practice’ as an overlooked element that shapes policy-making on the ground and triggers change in policy practice. The chapter analyzes the birth of a local community of practice by shedding light on the reasons for seeking for colleagues from other national consulates to address problems related to border control and the management of the visa application process. I show that the community of practice is also activated in a domain of national regulations such as the control of ‘fake’ marriages. The chapter continues by addressing the ways in which implementers engage in interactions to learn ‘how the others do’ and the preference toward informal rather than formal settings. The chapter concludes with the discussion of the notion of ‘transnational policy-making from below’ that is intended to describe the nexus between learning of implementers and transfer of policy practice.
KeywordsCommunity of practice Appropriateness Informality Policy transfer Policy learning Transnational policy-making
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