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Life-Cycle Approach for Prevention of Non Communicable Disease

  • Roya Kelishadi
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1121)

Abstract

Non communicable diseases (NCDs) become symptomatic in adulthood, but they mainly origin from early life. As NCDs are the major cause of mortality both in developed and developing countries, global actions are necessary for their life course prevention and control. The main preventable risk factors of NCDs include tobacco use, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity. These risk factors track from childhood to adulthood; it is well documented that healthy lifestyles play an important role for primordial and primary prevention of NCDs. Sedentary lifestyle, especially prolonged screen time, is a main underlying factor for NCDs. Regarding dietary intake, lower consumption of fruits, vegetables and fibers, as well as higher consumption of fatty and salty foods (fast foods, junk food), and carbonated soft drinks are of most usual habits correlated with increased risk of NCDs.

Strategic action areas for the prevention and control of NCDs are health promotion, risk reduction, health systems strengthening for early detection and management of NCD risk factors. Low-cost solutions for reduction the common modifiable risk factors including unhealthy life-cycle are important for guiding policy and priorities of governments and for decreasing the prevalence of NCDs.

Keywords

Life-cycle Prevention Non communicable diseases 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roya Kelishadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non Communicable DiseaseUSERN Office, Isfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran

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