Application of MCDM Methods to Tourism Evaluation of Cultural Sites

  • Ivana StevićEmail author
  • Stevan R. Stević
  • Zélia Maria de Jesus Breda
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


This paper explores the usage of two specific multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods—Simple Additive Weighting (SAW) method and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS)—in the tourism field, where their usage is practically non-existent. Multi-criteria analysis methods use objective or subjective criteria to rank different variables of interest, the purpose of ranking being to facilitate different strategic decision-making and problem-solving processes. By using these methods, the paper assesses the attractiveness of six cultural heritage sites in Porto, Portugal, namely some of the city’s architectural masterpieces, and ranks them based on the following set of criteria: (i) historic value; (ii) aesthetic/artistic value; (iii) representativeness; (iv) state of preservation; (v) infrastructure and accessibility and (vi) social significance. The purpose of the study is to understand different levels of attractiveness of cultural sites and to discuss the possible reasons why ones are given higher importance than the others. The two methods give almost identical outcomes, showing parity between their usages and affirming the integrity of the results.


Cultural sites Tourism assessment Multi-criteria analysis Strategic decision-making Problem-solving processes 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ivana Stević
    • 1
    Email author
  • Stevan R. Stević
    • 2
  • Zélia Maria de Jesus Breda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Management, Economy, Industrial Engineering and TourismUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of East SarajevoSarajvoBosnia and Herzegovina

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