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Urban Transformation and Sustainable Development of Small Historic Towns

  • Nikša BožićEmail author
  • Biserka Dumbović Bilušić
  • Jasenka Kranjčević
Chapter
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)

Abstract

Small historic towns in Europe face many common challenges that remain relatively unknown and unrecognized. Small towns make an important element in a settlement network. Their urban functions provide a range of key services to rural areas surrounding them and are an important developmental stability and vitality factor of the wider area. In Europe, the majority of small towns are historic towns whose urban heritage significantly contributes to local identity, from local to national and wider levels. Small historic towns face common challenges, including the lack of administrative capacities and the lack of flexibility to adapt to complex demands of modern development. This leads to a reduction in economic activities and service functions, demographic problems and general economic, social and physical decline. Urban transformation of small historic towns is a specific topic requiring innovative approaches. Successful urban renewal models for small historic towns are models that are capable of achieving a balance between the preservation of their cultural heritage and the demands of development, strengthening their competitiveness while preserving their authenticity.

Keywords

Small towns Small historic towns Urban heritage Urban transformation Sustainable development 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research is a part of the scientific project “Heritage Urbanism—Urban and Spatial Planning Models for Revival and Enhancement of Cultural Heritage”. It is financed by the Croatian Science Foundation [HRZZ-2032] and carried out at the University of Zagreb, Faculty of Architecture.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikša Božić
    • 1
    Email author
  • Biserka Dumbović Bilušić
    • 2
  • Jasenka Kranjčević
    • 3
  1. 1.Croatian Section of ECOVAST (European Council for the Village and Small Towns)ZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Ministry of Culture of Republic of Croatia, Directorate for the Protection of Cultural Heritage, Conservation Department in Rijeka for the area of the Primorje—Gorski Kotar CountyRijekaCroatia
  3. 3.Institute for TourismZagrebCroatia

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