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Green Synthesis of Novel Photocatalysts

  • Shubhrajit Sarkar
  • Santanu Sarkar
  • Chiranjib BhattacharjeeEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 29)

Abstract

In recent progress, semiconductor-assisted photocatalysis is becoming one of the emerging technologies in the domain of both sustainable energy generation and environmental remediation. It is eco-friendly, cost-effective, and closely involved with “zero” waste discharge concept adapted in industrial effluent treatment processes. Green synthesis of photoactive nanomaterials is getting advantages over chemical synthesis methods due to reduction or elimination of the generated undesired by-products. Moreover, unlike chemical synthesis methods, green synthesis approach does not involve the usage of costly, hazardous, and toxic materials, thus making this green approach a less expensive, simple, and environment-friendly method for synthesizing photocatalysts. This chapter is mainly focused on different greener synthesis approaches employed for the synthesis of novel photocatalysts.

Keywords

Novel photocatalysts Green synthesis Heterogeneous photocatalysis Photon energy Reactive oxygen species (ROS) Quantum size (Q-size) Biosynthesis Phytosynthesis Photodegradation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Shubhrajit Sarkar acknowledges financial support from the University Grants Commission (UGC), India, and Department of Science and Technology (DST), India. The authors would also like to thank Jadavpur University, India, for support.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shubhrajit Sarkar
    • 1
  • Santanu Sarkar
    • 2
  • Chiranjib Bhattacharjee
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Environment Research Group, R&D, Tata Steel Ltd.JamshedpurIndia

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