Supporting Materials for Immobilisation of Nano-photocatalysts

  • R. Goutham
  • R. Badri Narayan
  • B. Srikanth
  • K. P. GopinathEmail author
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 29)


This paper provides a critical review on the application of various supporting media for immobilising commonly used photocatalysts for degrading organic pollutants. The immobilisation of photocatalysts can exclude expensive and infeasible post-treatment recovery of spent photocatalysts at a large scale. Certain usually implemented immobilisation aids such as zeolites, clay and ceramics, carbonaceous materials, glass, cellulosic materials, polymers and metallic agents which have been already studied by a lot of researchers have been reviewed. The study justified that factors like low density, ease of availability, high durability, mechanical stability and chemical inertness are important factors required for the selection of suitable supports for catalysts. Common techniques for immobilisation such as cold plasma discharge, RF magnetron sputtering, dip coating, polymer-assisted hydrothermal decomposition, solvent casting, photo-etching, spray pyrolysis and electrophoretic deposition have been discussed in depth. Finally, certain usual techniques employed for the characterisation of the catalyst particles and their applications are also discussed.


Photocatalysis Immobilisation Electrodeposition Thermal treatment Sol-gel method Sold plasma discharge RF magnetron sputtering Photo-etching Electrophoretic deposition Polymer-assisted hydrothermal decomposition 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Goutham
    • 1
  • R. Badri Narayan
    • 1
  • B. Srikanth
    • 1
  • K. P. Gopinath
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringSSN College of EngineeringChennaiIndia

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