Laser Additive Manufacturing Processes for Near Net Shape Components

  • A. RiveiroEmail author
  • J. del ValEmail author
  • R. Comesaña
  • F. Lusquiños
  • F. Quintero
  • M. Boutinguiza
  • J. Pou
Part of the Materials Forming, Machining and Tribology book series (MFMT)


Laser-based additive manufacturing is a group of manufacturing processes widely used to produce three-dimensional near net shape components. Lasers can provide localized and controllable amounts of energy with the aim to cure a liquid photopolymer, to sinter or melt powders of different nature or even to cut laminates in order to obtain a physical model in the macro- or microscale. This work provides an overview on some major near net-shape manufacturing processes based on laser. Influence of the processing parameters, materials suitable for each one, and main advantages and current limitations of these techniques are reviewed for readers to understand and undertake research to establish the field further.


Additive manufacturing Laser Stereolithography Selective laser sintering Selective laser melting Laser cladding Laminated object manufacturing Two-photon polymerization 



This work was partially supported by the EU research project Bluehuman (EAPA_151/2016 Interreg Atlantic Area), Government of Spain (MAT2015-71459-C2-P, FPU13/02944, and FPU15/04745 grants), and by Xunta de Galicia (ED431B 2016/042 (GPC), and Plan I2C Grant Program POS-A/2013/161, ED481B 2016/047-0, ED481D 2017/010).


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Applied Physics DepartmentUniversity of Vigo, EEIVigoSpain
  2. 2.Materials Engineering, Applied Mechanics and Construction DepartmentUniversity of Vigo, EEIVigoSpain

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