Evolution in Additive Manufacturing Techniques of Metals as Net-Shaped Products

  • S. ShivaEmail author
  • S. Brown
  • A. Cockburn
  • I. A. Palani
  • C. P. Paul
  • W. O’Neill
Part of the Materials Forming, Machining and Tribology book series (MFMT)


Among the various development in product development techniques near net shape manufacturing has assisted the manufacturers to develop complex structures with precision as per requirement. This chapter reports about three different types of additive manufacturing that has evolved out of near net shaped manufacturing. The three types of additive manufacturing are laser additive manufacturing, wire arc additive manufacturing and cold spray deposition technique. The effect of the various process parameters of the respective process are discussed in detail. The discussion is primarily focused on the development of shape memory alloy structures using the techniques mentioned and an analyses on the nature of the developed alloys. The surface morphology of the developed structures were evaluated using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The micro-hardness test reveals the mechanical properties of the samples. All the characterized results showed that SMA could be manufactured successfully using the mentioned techniques, though each system have their own pros and cons. Hence this chapter will give the researchers in beginning stage a clear idea about the evolution of near net shape manufacturing systems, that can be used by their research works in developing novel research ideas.


Near net shape manufacturing Laser additive manufacturing Wire arc additive manufacturing Cold spray deposition technique Shape memory alloy 



The authors would like to thank Royal Academy of Engineering (RAE), London for assisting the cold spray deposition experimentations carried out at Institute For Manufacturing (IFM), University of Cambridge, UK, under the Newton Bhabha Project (Project No.: HEPI\1516\10). Thanks are also due to Sophisticated Instrument Centre (SIC) at Indian Institute of Technology Indore, India, for providing us the required characterization facility.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Shiva
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Brown
    • 2
  • A. Cockburn
    • 2
  • I. A. Palani
    • 1
    • 3
  • C. P. Paul
    • 4
    • 5
  • W. O’Neill
    • 2
  1. 1.Mechatronics and Instrumentation LaboratoryIndian Institute of Technology IndoreIndoreIndia
  2. 2.Institute for Manufacturing, Department of EngineeringUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  3. 3.Discipline of Metallurgy Engineering and Material ScienceIndian Institute of Technology IndoreIndoreIndia
  4. 4.Laser Development Industrial Applications DivisionRaja Ramanna Centre for Advanced TechnologyIndoreIndia
  5. 5.Homi Bhabha National InstituteMumbaiIndia

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